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Table 5 Hierarchical regression analyses with personal characteristics (1), category (2), social capital, decision latitude and workload (3) and burnout dimensions (4) (explanatory variables) and quality of care unit and hospital (dependent variables)

From: Staff empowerment and engagement in a magnet® recognized and joint commission international accredited academic centre in Belgium: a cross-sectional survey

Quality of care unit: good or excellent (1) versus fair poor (0) Quality of care unit: excellent (1) versus good or fair or poor (0)  
  B SE OR 95% C.I. adjR2   B SE OR 95% C.I. adjR2
N = 1032     Lower Upper   N = 1032     Lower Upper  
Generations    **     Generations    ***    
 Generations (Z) −.663 .491 .52 .20 1.35    Generations (Z) −1.749 .452 .17*** .07 .42  
 Generations (Y) −.990 .312 .37** .20 .69    Generations (Y) −.890 .221 .41*** .27 .63  
 Generations (X) −.418 .326 .66 .35 1.25    Generations (X) −.194 .199 .82 .56 1.22  
 Gender (male) −.226 .252 .80 .49 1.31 .050  Gender (male) −.134 .203 .87 .59 1.30 .072
Category    *     Category    ***    
 Category (1) −.687 .306 .50* .28 .92    Category (1) −1.249 .219 .28*** .19 .44  
 Category 2) −1.057 .392 .35** .16 .75 .056  Category 2) −1.653 .343 .19*** .10 .38 .120
 Social capital 1.424 .209 4.15*** 2.76 6.26    Social capital 1.329 .178 3.78*** 2.66 5.35  
 Decision latitude .156 .331 1.17 .61 2.24    Decision latitude .659 .259 1.93* 1.16 3.21  
 Workload −.041 .252 .96 .59 1.57 .225  Workload −.130 .187 .88 .61 1.27 .275
 Emotional exhaustion −.337 .115 .71** .57 .90    Emotional exhaustion −.038 .097 .96 .80 1.17  
 Depersonalisation −.126 .131 .88 .68 1.14    Depersonalisation −.442 .142 .64** .49 .85  
 Personal accomplishment .188 .188 1.21 .94 1.56 .259  Personal accomplishment .051 .117 1.05 .84 1.32 .293
Quality of care hospital: improved or certainly improved (1) versus deteriorated or certainly deteriorated (0) Quality of care hospital: certainly improved (1) versus improved or deteriorated or certainly deteriorated (0)  
  B SE OR 95% C.I. adjR2   B SE OR 95% C.I. adjR2
N = 1021     Lower Upper   N = 1021     Lower Upper  
Generations    *     Generations       
 Generations (Z) 1.259 .474 .17*** .07 .42    Generations (Z) −.502 .539 .61 .21 1.74  
 Generations (Y) −.094 .221 .41*** .27 .63    Generations (Y) −.261 .320 .77 .41 1.44  
 Generations (X) −.087 .219 .82 .56 1.22    Generations (X) −.149 .291 .86 .49 1.53  
 Gender (male) 0.334 .215 .87 .59 1.30 .072  Gender (male) .116 .284 1.12 .65 1.96 .011
Professional Category   ***     Professional Category      
 Category (1) −1.394 .284 .28*** .19 .44    Category (1) −.121 .306 .89 .49 1.61  
 Category 2) −1.123 .372 .19*** .10 .38 .120  Category 2) −1.042 .586 .35 .11 1.11 .021
 Social capital .601 .166 3.78*** 2.66 5.35    Social capital .443 .240 1.56 .97 2.49  
 Decision latitude .500 .264 1.93* 1.16 3.21    Decision latitude 1.414 .360 4.11*** 2.03 8.33  
 Workload −.860 .198 .88 .61 1.27 .275  Workload −.325 .259 .72 .44 1.20 .115
 Emotional exhaustion −.142 .091 .96 .80 1.17    Emotional exhaustion .005 .147 1.01 .75 1.34  
 Depersonalisation −.283 .114 .64** .49 .85    Depersonalisation −.552 .231 .58* .37 .91  
 Personal accomplishment .023 .110 1.05 .84 1.32 .293  Personal accomplishment .354 .203 1.42 .96 2.12 .144
  1. ***P-value < .001; **P-value < .01; *P-value < .05; OR = Odds Ratio 95% CI [lower and upper bound]; Adjusted R2 reported additionally; Baby boomers as indicator; Female as indicator; Medical staff as indicator, nursing staff/category 1, healthcare staff/category 2; Social capital, decision latitude, workload and burnout dimensions mean value