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Table 6 Educational techniques

From: Developing and evaluating clinical leadership interventions for frontline healthcare providers: a review of the literature

Author Country Year Educational techniques
Cleary et al. [38] Australia 2005 Self-directed, Learning (SDL)
Ferguson et al. [39] Australia 2007 Observation of clinical practice by clinical leaders, feedback and reflection
Williams et al. [40] Australia 2009 Mentoring and role modelling (unit managers to new nurses)
Travaglia et al. [41] Australia 2011 Coaching
MacPhail et al. [23] Australia 2015 SDL, Problem-based learning (PBL)
Leggat et al. [42] Australia 2016 Enquiry based learning (EBL), SDL
Dierckx de Casterelé [45] Belgium 2008 Action learning
Miller and Dalton [25] England 2011 Mentoring (senior managers to registrars)
Leeson and Millar [26] England 2013 PBL
Enterkin et al. [27] England 2013 SDL, Action learning
Phillips and Byrne [31] England 2013 CBL, Action learning
Castillo and James [32] England 2013 Coaching Action learning
Stoll et al. [33] England 2011 Coaching, Mentoring Action learning, QI projects
Miani et al. [34] England 2013 Experiential learning, QI projects
Runnacle et al. [35] England 2013 Experiential learning, QI projects
Lunn et al. [28] Ireland 2008 Experiential learning, Action learning, Coaching, Shadowing
McNamara et al. [29] Ireland 2014 Action learning Mentoring Coaching
Fealy et al. [36] Ireland 2015 SDL Mentoring Coaching Action learning
Patton et al. [37] Ireland 2013 SDL, Action Learning, Mentoring, Coaching
Pearson et al. [30] Scotland 2010 Coaching, Mentoring, Action learning sets
Martin et al. [46] Switzerland 2012 Case Based Learning (CBL)
Coaching Action learning
Kling [43] USA 2010 Peer mentoring (senior students to novice students)
Abraham [44] USA 2011 Experiential learning
Lekan et al. [24] USA 2011 Bedside clinical teaching. Clinical supervision