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Table 1 summary of included studies

From: Role of maternity waiting homes in the reduction of maternal death and stillbirth in developing countries and its contribution for maternal death reduction in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author Set up Study design Outcome measure Proportion for MWHs users Proportion for non MWHs users
J.M. Tumwine et al. 1996 [17] Zimbabwe Retrospective cohort Stillbirth 3/280 16/773
Early neonatal mortality 4/280 7/773
Maternal death 1/277 3/757
Parity = 0 89/280 215/773
1–4 121/280 367 /773
> = 5 70/280 191 /773
P.Millard et al. 1991 [18] Zimbabwe Comparative study Stillbirth 9 /486 14 /336
Early Neonatal mortality 8 /486 14 /336
Parity = 0 123 /486 80 /336
1–3 204 /486 137 /336
4–6 121 /486 86 /336
> = 7 36 /486 30 /336
Lonkhuijzen Luc van et al. 2003 [19] Zambia Retrospective cohort Maternal death 0 /218 1 /292
Parity =0 54 /218 31 /292
> 6 12 /218 8 /292
Andemichael Ghirmay et al. 2009 [20] Eritrea Before and after study Maternal death 0 /866 5 /266
Jody R Lori et al. 2013 [21] Liberia Prospective cohort Maternal death 3 /248 12 /255
Singh Kavita et al. 2017 [22] Malawi Cross sectional Stillbirth 3 /255 1 /287
Parity =1 115 /249 104 /288
2–3 73 /249 112 /288
> = 4 61 /249 68 /288
Age = 15–19 62 /259 45 /288
20–34 164 /259 216 /288
> = 35 33 /259 26 /288
Poovan Pia et al. 1990 [23] Ethiopia Retrospective cohort Maternal death 0 /142 13 /635
Stillbirth 4 /142 161 /635
J Kelly et al. 2010 [24] Ethiopia Retrospective cohort Maternal death 6 /6805 187 /17343
Stillbirth 120 /6805 3316 /17343
Parity =0 193 /615 525 /1099
1–3 294 /615 366 /1099
> = 4 118 /615 177 /1099
D.Chandramohan et al. 1994 [25] Zimbabwe Retrospective cohort Maternal death 1 /1573 2 /2915
Primiparas 661 /1573 1108 /2915
Parity > 6 110 /1573 146 /2915