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Table 3 Factors associated with outpatient visits among Indonesian elderly

From: Factors associated with the use of outpatient services among the elderly in Indonesia

Variable Odds ratio 95% Confidence interval
Sex
 Male 1.00
 Female 1.19 0.96–1.48
Age
 60~ 64 1.00
 65~ 69 1.09 0.86–1.37
 70~ 74 1.02 0.79–1.32
 ≥ 75 1.19 0.88–1.61
Marital status
 Married 1.00
 Widowed 0.96 0.76–1.20
 Other 0.65 0.37–1.14
Educational background
 No formal education 1.00
 Elementary school 0.80 0.76–1.20
 Junior high school or higher 0.99 0.71–1.39
Religion
 Moslem 1.00
 Others 1.01 0.73–1.39
Economic status
 1st [lowest] 1.00
 2nd 1.36* 1.03–1.78
 3rd 1.32* 1.00–1.74
 4th [highest] 1.36* 1.02–1.81
With Insurance
 No 1.00
 Yes 1.38** 1.14–1.67
Residency
 Urban 1.00
 Rural 1.01 0.82–1.24
Main language
 Indonesian 1.00
 Javanese 0.92 0.69–1.22
 Other 0.99 0.74–1.33
Region
 Java 1.00
 Sumatera 0.85 0.65–1.11
 Kalimantan 0.82 0.50–1.35
 Sulawesi 0.82 0.51–1.33
 Bali 1.82* 1.10–3.01
 West Nusa Tenggara 0.85 0.56–1.30
Self-rated health
 Very healthy 1.00
 Somewhat healthy 1.13 0.81–1.57
 Somewhat unhealthy 2.10*** 1.49–2.95
 Very unhealthy 2.22** 1.24–3.96
Number of chronic conditions
 None 1.00
 1 1.87*** 1.49–2.35
 2 or more 3.01*** 2.36–3.85
Depression
 No 1.00
 Yes 1.13 0.91–1.40
Difficulty with activities of daily living
 No 1.00
 Yes 1.24 0.96–1.60
Ever fallen down before
 No 1.00
 Yes 1.11 0.85–1.46
Hospitalized in the past year
 No 1.00
 Yes 1.24 0.86–1.79
  1. Note: * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001. Hosmer and Lemeshow Test of goodness of fit: p = 0.443 (>.05); Nagelkerke R2 = 0.139