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Table 1 Frequency distribution of characteristics among Indonesian elderly (N = 2912)

From: Factors associated with the use of outpatient services among the elderly in Indonesia

Variable Frequency (n) Percent (%)
Sex
 Male 1409 48.4
 Female 1503 51.6
Age
 60~ 64 1232 42.3
 65~ 69 722 24.8
 70~ 74 568 19.5
 ≥ 75 390 13.4
Marital status
 Married 1888 64.8
 Widowed 920 31.6
 Other 104 3.6
Educational background
 No formal education 552 19.0
 Elementary school 1596 54.8
 Junior high school or higher 764 26.2
Religion
 Moslem 1543 87.3
 Others 369 12.7
Economic status
 1st [lowest] 729 25.0
 2nd 727 25.0
 3rd 728 25.0
 4th [highest] 728 25.0
With Insurance
 No 1547 53.1
 Yes 1365 46.9
Residency
 Urban 1582 54.3
 Rural 1330 45.7
Main language
 Indonesian 465 16.0
 Javanese 1120 38,5
 Other 1327 45,6
Region
 Java 1756 60.3
 Sumatera 567 19.5
 Kalimantan 124 4.3
 Sulawesi 133 4.6
 Bali 137 4.7
 West Nusa Tenggara 195 6.7
Self-rated health
 Very healthy 364 12.5
 Somewhat healthy 1471 50.5
 Somewhat unhealthy 997 34.2
 Unhealthy 80 2.7
Number of chronic conditions
 None 1783 61.2
 1 633 21.7
 2 or more 496 17.0
Depression
 No 2186 75.1
 Yes 726 24.9
Difficulty with activities of daily living
 No 2494 85.6
 Yes 418 14.4
Ever fallen down before
 No 2556 87.8
 Yes 356 12.2
Hospitalized in the past year
 No 2758 94.7
 Yes 154 5.3
Visited health workers or doctors in the past 4 weeks
 No 2250 77.3
 Yes 662 22.7