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Table 2 Urban–rural migration of physicians from 2012 to 2014

From: Board certification and urban–rural migration of physicians in Japan

  Municipality type in 2014
Tertile 1 (rural) Tertile 2 (intermediate) Tertile 3 (urban) Total
A Total (n = 282,308)
Municipality type in 2012 Tertile 1 (rural) 9270 839 1042 11,151
83.1% 7.5% 9.3% 100.0%
Tertile 2 (intermediate) 856 54,581 6984 62,421
1.4% 87.4% 11.2% 100.0%
Tertile 3 (urban) 1042 6644 201,050 208,736
0.5% 3.2% 96.3% 100.0%
Total 11,168 62,064 209,076 282,308
4.0% 22.0% 74.1% 100.0%
B Newly board certified (n = 18,726)
Municipality type in 2012 Tertile 1 (rural) 393 72 143 608
64.6% 11.8% 23.5% 100.0%
Tertile 2 (intermediate) 72 3026 870 3968
1.8% 76.3% 21.9% 100.0%
Tertile 3 (urban) 107 608 13,435 14,150
0.8% 4.3% 94.9% 100.0%
Total 572 3706 14,448 18,726
3.1% 19.8% 77.2% 100.0%
C Remaining board certified (n = 105,096)
Municipality type in 2012 Tertile 1 (rural) 2856 195 212 3263
87.5% 6.0% 6.5% 100.0%
Tertile 2 (intermediate) 172 20,978 1711 22,861
0.8% 91.8% 7.5% 100.0%
Tertile 3 (urban) 209 1685 77,078 78,972
0.3% 2.1% 97.6% 100.0%
Total 3237 22,858 79,001 105,096
3.1% 21.7% 75.2% 100.0%
D Lost board certification (n = 10,802)
Municipality type in 2012 Tertile 1 (rural) 359 28 32 419
85.7% 6.7% 7.6% 100.0%
Tertile 2 (intermediate) 39 2114 217 2370
1.6% 89.2% 9.2% 100.0%
Tertile 3 (urban) 49 249 7715 8013
0.6% 3.1% 96.3% 100.0%
Total 447 2391 7964 10,802
4.1% 22.1% 73.7% 100.0%
E Remaining without board certification (n = 147,684)
Municipality type in 2012 Tertile 1 (rural) 5662 544 655 6861
82.5% 7.9% 9.5% 100.0%
Tertile 2 (intermediate) 573 28,463 4186 33,222
1.7% 85.7% 12.6% 100.0%
Tertile 3 (urban) 677 4102 102,822 107,601
0.6% 3.8% 95.6% 100.0%
Total 6912 33,109 107,663 147,684
4.0% 22.0% 74.1% 100.0%