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Table 5 Results for Exercise vs Waiting List Control Group

From: Exercise in the treatment of clinical anxiety in general practice – a systematic review and meta-analysis

  Mean (SD) Total Mean (SD) Total SMD (95% CI) Outcome
Broman-Fulks, 2008 [33] 27.92 (15.36) 12 41 (25.68) 12 − 0.60 (− 1.42, 0.22) Exercise lead to significant reductions in exercise sensitivity compared to the untreated group
Jazaieri, 2012 [34] 61.41 (28.64) 25 65.42 (21.37) 29 −0.16 (− 0.69, 0.38) Exercise lead to non-significant reductions in anxiety compared to the untreated group.
Herring, 2012(a) [35] 59.3 (7.38) 10 65.5 (7.62) 5 −0.79 (− 1.71, 0.13) Exercise lead to non-significant reductions in anxiety compared to the untreated group,
Herring 2012(b) [35] 61.10 (10.01) 10 65.5 (7.62) 5 −0.44(−1.53,0.65) Resistance exercise lead to non-significant reductions in anxiety compared to the untreated group,
Smits, 2008 [36] 10.19 (6.54) 16 18.26 (10.24) 19 −0.92(−1.62,-0.22) Exercise and exercise + CBT both lead to statistically significant reductions in both the ASI and BAI
Merom, 2008 [23] Not Reported 38 Not Reported 36 −0.16 (− 0.77, 0.45) CBT and exercise lead to a greater, non-significant improvement in DASS-21 scores compared to CBT and education.
Mailey, 2010 [37] 44.05 (18.02) 26 47.23 (9.29) 25 −0.22(− 0.77,0.33) There was a small and non-significant improvement in anxiety and depression in the exercise group.
Wedekind 2010 [38] Not Reported 20 Not Reported 17 Not Reported Exercise and relaxation both lead to reductions in anxiety, not statistically significant. F value = 3.7
Brooks et al 1998 [39] 11.5 16 22.8 15 Not Reported Exericise lead to significant improvement in symptoms but not as effective as Clomipramine F value = 13.4
Villaverde et al... 2012 [40] 16.76 17 15.02 19 Not Reported There was a small non-significant improvement in the exercise group.
Medina et al 2015 [41] Not Reported Not Reported Not Reported Not Reported Not Reported There was greater but non-significant improvement in anxiety sensitivity for those in Exercise compared to Waiting List control F value = 26.7