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Table 1 Sample characteristics and main themes of the questionnaire (N = 514)

From: What is behind high turnover: a questionnaire survey of hospital nursing care workers in Shanghai, China

Characteristics % or mean (SD) Turnover intention (yes) Turnover intention (no)
Gender   Chi2 = 9.16b  
 Female 83.6% 55.7% 44.3%
 Male 16.4% 73.0% 27.0%
Age 49.1 (5.5) Chi2 = 0.55  
  < 35 1.2% 62.5% 37.5%
 36–45 21.9% 42.9% 57.1%
 46–55 69.3% 40.5% 59.5%
  > 55 7.6% 39.6% 60.4%
Residence   Chi2 = 0.26  
 City 1% 35.3% 64.7%
 Country 99% 41.5% 58.5%
Education   Chi2 = 4.89  
 Illiterate 22.1% 48.3% 51.7%
 Primary school degree 45.5% 36.6% 63.4%
 Junior high school degree 30.2% 43.5% 56.5%
 Senior high school degree 2.2% 50.0% 50.0%
Length of time working as an HNCW   Chi2 = 36.88c  
 Less than 5 years 29.5% 69.5% 30.5%
 5 to 10 years 26.9% 68.5% 31.5%
 More than 10 years 43.6% 58.7% 41.3%
Profession before working as an HNCW   Chi2 = 16.50b  
 No job 4.8% 84.1% 15.9%
 Farmer 79.0% 57.4% 42.6%
 Enterprise worker 8.6% 53.7% 46.3%
 Individual business 2.1% 60.0% 40.0%
 Other 5.5% 33.3% 66.7%
Wages (CNY)   Chi2 = 10.17a  
  < 2500 3.7% 63.2% 36.8%
 2501–4000 45.2% 52.1% 47.8%
 4001–6000 50.9% 48.2% 51.8%
  > 6000 0.2% 0% 100%
Job satisfaction (1–5)   F = 35.00c  
 Management 4.06 3.80 4.43
 Wages 3.68 3.50 3.94
 Working hours 3.47 3.32 3.69
Self-evaluation (1–5)   F = 24.02c  
 Satisfaction with their own work 3.98 3.92 4.01
Perceived doctor and nurse satisfaction with their work 3.93 3.76 4.17
 Perceived patient satisfaction with their work 3.80 3.61 4.06
Work stress   Chi2 = 15.48c  
 High stress 16.0% 47.1% 52.9%
 A little stress 57.3% 34.1% 65.9%
 No stress 25.7% 31.2% 68.8%
Accident insurance   Chi2 = 3.09  
 Yes 86.5% 40.1% 59.9%
 No 6.6% 50.0% 50.0%
 Not sure 6.8% 50.0% 50.0%
Enjoyment of the job   Chi2 = 167.28c  
 Yes 2.7% 7.1% 92.9%
 No 61.0% 30.8% 69.2%
 Not sure 36.3% 21.5% 78.8%
Vacation per year   Chi2 = 7.90  
 No vacation 13.1% 49.3% 50.7%%
 1–10 days 25.9% 45.9% 54.1%
 11–20 days 50.5% 38.2% 61.8%
 More than 21 days 10.5% 32.1% 67.9%
Hours of sleep per day   Chi2 = 23.11c  
  < 4 h 9.6% 40.2% 59.8%
 4–6 h 58.1% 33.2% 66.8%
 7–8 h 26.5% 30.1% 69.9%
  > 8 h 5.8% 26.8% 73.2%
 Turnover intention   41.3% 58.7%
  1. cp < 0.001; bp < 0.01; ap < 0.05