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Table 2 Geographic variations in health outcomes, availability of health resources and utilization of hospital services in Turkey, 2012

From: Estimating technical efficiency of Turkish hospitals: implications for hospital reform initiatives

  Centraleast Anatolia Central Anatolia Northeast Anatolia Istanbul Southeast Anatolia Aegean East Marmara East Black Sea West Marmara West Black Sea West Anatolia Mediterranean
Perinatal Mortality per 1000 live birth 10.9 7.1 10.9 6.7 11.3 7.5 7.5 7.0 7.8 8.4 6.7 7.6
Neonatal Mortality per 1000 live birth 6.5 3.9 6.3 3.2 6.2 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.0 3.7
Post-neonatal Mortality per 1000 live birth 4.6 3.3 4.1 2.2 4.4 2.3 2.2 3.0 2.5 3.0 2.5 3.3
Mortality under 5 years per 1000 live birth 16.7 10.8 13.9 8.2 16.1 8.7 9.0 9.9 9.1 9.9 8.3 10.8
Maternal Mortality per 1000 live birth 25.5 25.9 32.2 15.1 14.7 13.6 7.7 21.5 7.8 17.2 12.7 10.7
Poverty rate (%), 50% poverty risk threshold 13.4 12.4 13.2 9.6 12.8 11.6 10.8 11.1 13.0 12.0 12.9 13.7
Number of hospital beds per 10,000 26.7 28.4 28.8 23.3 19.7 27.2 26.1 33.1 27.4 30.3 35.8 23.8
Number of ICU beds per 10,000 2.9 2.9 2.0 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.4 2.8 3.8 3.3
Per Capita visits to hospitals 4.5 4.9 4.7 4.2 4.1 4.9 4.8 5.8 5.0 5.4 5.0 4.6
Physicians per 100,000 population 144 159 142 192 121 183 156 159 150 152 266 155
Nurses per 100,000 population 257 277 253 191 184 279 254 339 278 296 302 242
Surgical operations per 1000 population 49.5 63.4 57.2 56.3 49.6 58.0 59.1 59.8 44.4 53.6 73.8 64.7
Surgical operations per 1000 population (Group A)a 3.1 5.0 3.5 6.8 2.8 6.4 6.8 6.0 3.5 5.4 8.9 5.5
Number of MRI exams per 1000 population in hospitals 31.8 19.9 23.4 28.0 24.5 22.5 22.9 25.8 18.7 25.8 24.8 23.0
Bed Occupancy Ratio 65.4 60.8 65.0 70.1 67.9 67.5 67.8 62.2 67.8 62.2 68.5 68.6
  1. Source: General Directorate of Health Research [22]
  2. *Surgical operations are classified into groups A to E based on the severity of the operations