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Table 5 Factor loadings of the PACIC items using Oblimin rotationc (Study sample; n = 2681)

From: Patients’ assessment of chronic illness care: a validation study among patients with type 2 diabetes in Finland

  PCA 1a PCA 2b
Predetermined subscales and items F1 F2 F1 F2 F3
Patient activation
 1. Asked for my ideas when we made a treatment plan 0.86   0.74   
 2. Given choices about treatment to think about 0.73   0.63   
 3. Asked to talk about any problems with my medicines or their effects 0.76   0.73   
Delivery system design/Decision support
 4. Given a written list of things I should do to improve my health 0.43     −0.63
 5. Satisfied that my care was well organized 0.82   0.81   
 6. Shown how what I did to take care of my illness influenced my condition 0.85   0.70   
Goal setting/Tailoring
 7. Asked to talk about my goals in caring for my illness 0.74   0.50   −0.44
 8. Helped to set specific goals to improve my eating or exercise 0.57     −0.61
 9. Given a copy of my treatment plan   0.45    −0.70
 10. Encouraged to go to a specific group or class to help me cope with my chronic illness   0.78   0.55 −0.41
 11. Asked questions, either directly or on a survey, about my health habits 0.57   0.37   −0.41
Problem solving/Contextual
 12. Sure that my doctor or nurse thought about my values and my traditions when they recommended treatments to me 0.73   0.64   
 13. Helped to make a treatment plan that I could carry out in my daily life 0.51 0.39    −0.64
 14. Helped to plan ahead so I could take care of my illness even in hard times 0.35 0.55    −0.60
 15. Asked how my chronic illness affects my life 0.43 0.44    −0.39
Follow-up/Coordination
 16. Contacted after a visit to see how things were going   0.66   0.62  
 17. Encouraged to attend programs in the community that could help me   0.83   0.68  
 18. Referred to a dietician, health educator, or counselor   0.59   0.62  
 19. Told how my visits with other types of doctors, like an eye doctor or surgeon, helped my treatment 0.39 0.33 0.46 0.50  
 20. Asked how my visits with other doctors were going   0.61   0.74  
  1. Loadings ≥0.5 are shown in bold
  2. aExtraction criteria: Eigenvalues > 1; variation explained 53%
  3. bExtraction criteria: three factors set; variation explained 58%
  4. cItems shown in the original English version; Glasgow et al. [13]
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