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Table 5 Adjusted coefficients (B) for bivariate associations between education and HLQ scalesa, linear regression

From: The role of health literacy in explaining the association between educational attainment and the use of out-of-hours primary care services in chronically ill people: a survey study

  Feeling understood and supported by healthcare providers
(n = 1676)
Having sufficient information to manage my health
(n = 1672)
Actively managing my health
(n = 1682)
Social support for health
(n = 1670)
Appraisal of health information (n = 1656) Ability to actively engage with healthcare providers (n = 1642) Navigating the healthcare system (n = 1651) Ability to find good health information (n = 1642) Understanding health information well enough to know what to do (n = 1642)
  B (95% CI)b B (95% CI)b B (95% CI)b B (95% CI)b B (95% CI)b B (95% CI)b B (95% CI)b B (95% CI)b B (95% CI)b
Educationc
 intermediate 0.04 (−0.02; 0.09) 0.05 (0.01; 0.10)* 0.01 (−0.04; 0.06) −0.01 (− 0.06; 0.05) 0.02 (− 0.03; 0.08) 0.14 (0.07; 0.21)*** 0.16 (0.09; 0.23)*** 0.20 (0.13; 0.27)*** 0.20 (0.14; 0.26)***
 High 0.04 (−0.02; 0.11) 0.09 (0.03; 0.14)** 0.00 (−0.06; 0.06) 0.01 (−0.06; 0.05) 0.09 (0.03; 0.15)** 0.29 (0.21; 0.37)*** 0.25 (0.17; 0.33)*** 0.34 (0.26; 0.42)*** 0.39 (0.32; 0.46)***
  1. a All models are adjusted for age (continuous), sex (ref male), household status (ref living alone), number of chronic diseases (ref one chronic disease), and illness duration
  2. b P-value * < 0.05, ** < 0.01, *** < 0.001, significant results printed in bold
  3. c Reference is low education