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Table 4 Survival analysis

From: Opposite trends in hospitalization and mortality after implementation of a chronic care model-based regional program for the management of patients with heart failure in primary care

  Hazard ratio 95% CI P value
CCM status 0.82 0.75-0.91 < 0.0001
Age classa
 75-85 1.89 1.67-2.15 < 0.0001
  > 85 3.59 3.14-4.09 < 0.0001
 Female gender 0.87 0.79-0.95 0.0020
 Charlson index 1.39 1.31-1.48 < 0.0001
Treatment at enrolment
 ACE-inhibitors or ARBs 0.77 0.68-0.86 < 0.0001
 Beta-blockers 0.81 0.74-0.89 < 0.0001
 Diuretics 1.98 1.67-2.34 < 0.0001
 Geographic area 1.01 0.98-1.03 0.62
 Previous HF hospitalization 1.12 1.02-1.22 0.015
  1. Predictors of death in the overall study population, as identified by multivariable Cox regression analysis. ACE angiotensin converting enzyme, ARBs angiotensin receptor blockers, CCM chronic care model, CI confidence interval
  2. aHazard ratios calculated vs age < 75 as a reference