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Table 6 HRQoL measures for the general population in Sweden and HRQoL measures for physical service dog owners and diabetes alert dog owners at baseline and follow-up

From: The impact of service and hearing dogs on health-related quality of life and activity level: a Swedish longitudinal intervention study

Instrument n General populationa (40-49 years) Baseline (SD) Follow-up (SD) Diff. p-value Cohen's db
Physical service dogs  
 EQ-5D single index 29 0.86 0.266 (0.323) 0.351 (0.282) 0.086 0.201 0.243
 EQ-VAS 29 87 52.97 (22.301) 60.93 (17.625) 7.966 0.058 0.367
 SF-6D 28 0.79 0.590 (0.093) 0.610 (0.088) 0.020 0.282 0.208
Diabetes alert dog  
 EQ-5D single index 19 0.86 0.656 (0.277) 0.674 (0.336) 0.017 0.741 0.077
 EQ-VAS 19 87 56.00 (20.685) 63.89 (23.120) 7.895 0.075 0.434
 SF-6D 19 0.79 0.699 (0.143) 0.719 (0.143) 0.020 0.424 0.188
  1. aGeneral population: index n=588 [22], VAS n=556 [22], SF-6D n=22 166 [23] bCohen’s d values: Small=0.2-0.5; Medium=0.5-0.8; Large>0.8