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Table 1 Characteristics of survey respondents, after weighting, by age group and race/ethnicity

From: Older adults’ readiness to engage with eHealth patient education and self-care resources: a cross-sectional survey

Respondent Characteristics All By Age Group By Race/Ethnicity
65–79 65–69 70–74 75–79 White Black Latino Filipino Chinese
(N = 2602) (N = 841) (N = 878) (N = 883) (N = 849) (N = 567) (N = 653) (N = 219) (N = 314)
Wtd. % Wtd. % Wtd. % Wtd. % Wtd. % Wtd. % Wtd. % Wtd. % Wtd. %
Sociodemographic
 Age
  65–69 yrs. 23.5 n/a n/a n/a 23.4 23.6 23.6 25.6 23.1
  70–74 yrs. 43.7 n/a n/a n/a 43.8 43.3 42.3 45.0 42.0
  75–79 yrs. 32.8 n/a n/a n/a 32.8 33.1 34.1 29.4 34.9
 Sex
  Women 54.1 53.8 53.9 54.5 53.8 56.9 54.8 57.1 48.2
  Men 45.9 46.2 46.1 45.5 46.2 43.1 45.2 42.9 51.8
 Race/ethnicity
  White non-Hispanic 79.4 79.0 79.6 79.5 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
  Black 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.4 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
  Hispanic/Latino 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.6 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
  Filipino 5.2 5.6 5.3 4.6 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
  Chinese 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.9 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
 Educational attainment
  Non-high school graduate 5.0 3.2 3.1 8.9*** 3.9 4.7 22.0*** 4.7 4.1
  High school graduate/GED 21.3 14.5 19.9 28.1 21.0 25.2 31.0 14.1 14.3
  Some college 23.8 33.4 36.1 30.8 34.2 45.0 27.8 22.7 24.6
  College graduate 39.9 48.9 40.9* 32.2*** 40.9 25.0*** 19.2*** 58.4*** 57.0***
 Household incomea
  ≤ $25,000 16.2 11.1 17.1*** 25.7*** 14.3 25.0*** 22.1*** 27.5*** 13.6
  $25,001–$35,000 11.8 9.5 12.6 15.4 11.2 13.7 15.9 14.4 9.2
  $35,001–$50,000 16.7 14.9 19.1 17.2 16.3 19.3 19.7 18.2 11.9
  $50,000–$80,000 25.3 27.2 24.3 22.8 25.9 21.2 24.9 21.5 25.3
  > $80,000 30.0 37.3 26.9*** 18.9*** 32.3 20.8*** 17.4*** 18.4*** 40.0
Health
 Self-rated health
  Very good or excellent 43.8 49.7 46.8 35.6*** 48.3 21.2*** 28.0*** 25.9*** 38.9e
  Good 38.1 34.8 38.2 40.2 35.9 48.8 39.9 49.7 44.8
  Fair or poor 18.1 15.5 15.0 24.2*** 15.8 30.0*** 32.1*** 24.4*** 16.3
 History of diabetes, hypertension, CAD, heart failure, or stroke 71.7 62.1 70.3g 80.6*** 69.0 87.4*** 77.8*** 86.5*** 70.5
 Takes medication for ≥1 chronic condition 90.5 87.2 90.3 93.3** 89.9 95.4*** 90.7 94.9* 86.8
Access to digital technology
 Desktop, laptop, or netbook computer 79.5 90.4 80.0*** 71.2*** 83.5 69.1*** 61.1*** 53.1*** 79.8
 Tablet 25.1 34.3 27.4* 15.6*** 27.1 16.0*** 12.6*** 20.1* 28.3
 Smartphone 31.2 43.4 33.9** 18.7*** 32.8 30.5 22.0*** 19.6*** 26.6***
 Home internet 83.8 91.3 85.5** 76.2*** 87.4 71.9*** 68.4*** 61.0*** 84.8
  1. Cell percentages are based on weighted data for everyone in that age or racial/ethnic group. Ns at top of columns are the unweighted number of respondents in that group
  2. White Non-Hispanic white, GED General Educational Development, CAD coronary artery disease
  3. *Significant difference (P < .05) after controlling for race/ethnicity and sex (age group comparisons) or age group and sex (racial/ethnic group comparisons)
  4. **Significant difference (P < .01) after controlling for race/ethnicity and sex (age group comparisons) or age group and sex (racial/ethnic group comparisons)
  5. ***Significant difference (P < .001) after controlling for race/ethnicity and sex (age group comparisons) or age group and sex (racial/ethnic group comparisons)
  6. aThe survey questionnaire did not include a question about income. These statistics are based on pooled data from 2011 and 2014 health surveys of the same health plan membership weighted to the 2014 age-sex composition of the membership. In the San Francisco Bay Area, a household income ≤$35,000 qualifies an individual for low income housing