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Table 2 Relationship between Health Literacy Questionnaire mean domain scores by hospital of attendance, with unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios showing the difference in scale scores adjusted for variables known to be related to health literacy and use of hospital services

From: Differences in health literacy profiles of patients admitted to a public and a private hospital in Melbourne, Australia

  Public Hospital (N = 384) Mean (SD) Private (N = 3121) Mean (SD) Unadjustedc Adjusted Odds Ratioc, d
Healthcare provider supporta 3.13 (0.57) 3.35 (0.48) 0.40 (0.32, 0.49) 0.57 (0.44, 0.72)
Having sufficient informationa 2.97 (0.52) 3.07 (0.48) 0.59 (0.47, 0.74) 0.78 (0.61, 1.01)
Actively managing healtha 2.93 (0.52) 3.07 (0.49) 0.54 (0.43, 0.67) 0.67 (0.52, 0.86)
Social support for healtha 3.11 (0.55) 3.26 (0.49) 0.53 (0.43, 0.66) 0.66 (0.52, 0.84)
Active appraisal of health informationa 2.82 (0.52) 2.85 (0.53) 0.87 (0.71, 1.07) 1.04 (0.82, 1.33)
Active engagement with healthcareb 3.82 (0.78) 4.07 (0.58) 0.52 (0.44, 0.61) 0.77 (0.64, 0.93)
Navigating the healthcare systemb 3.63 (0.75) 3.91 (0.57) 0.45 (0.38, 0.54) 0.65 (0.53, 0.79)
Ability to find good health informationb 3.56 (0.80) 3.85 (0.62) 0.51 (0.43, 0.59) 0.77 (0.64, 0.93)
Understanding health information well enoughb 3.85 (0.78) 4.11 (0.58) 0.51 (0.43, 0.60) 0.87 (0.71, 1.05)
  1. aScale range 0–4, higher score indicates greater ability or more support
  2. bScale range 0–5, higher score indicates greater ability or more support
  3. cReference category = private hospital
  4. dAdjusted Odds Ratio. Adjusted for age (< 65, ≥65), education (did not complete secondary school, completed secondary school or above), language (English, non-English), income (<$30,000, ≥$30,000)
  5. Items in bold indicate significance at the p = 0.05 level