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Table 5 Relationships between GP co-location and patient experience

From: The benefits of co-location in primary care practices: the perspectives of general practitioners and patients in 34 countries

Multilevel models
(*p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001)
Accessibility a, b Continuity of carea, b Comprehensiveness of carea, b
Fixed part Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E.
Single-handed GP practice (ref)
 - More GPs without other professionals −0.359 0.366 −0.656 0.476 −0.825 0.587
 - One GP with other professionals −0.688 0.354 −1.352** 0.460 −1.439* 0.567
 - More GPs with other professionals −0.804* 0.340 −1.433** 0.443 −1.047 0.545
Random part Var. S.E. Var. S.E. Var. S.E.
 Country level 32.312 8.061 80.276 19.940 86.434 21.970
 GP level 44.180 0.797 64.054 1.351 114.423 2.050
 Patient level 3.232 0.021 97.611 0.634 5.724 0.037
Variance in empty model Var. S.E. Var. S.E. Var. S.E.
 Country level 35.020 8.586 100.427 24.559 96.802 23.721
 GP level 46.587 0.804 72.022 1.438 114.199 1.965
 Patient level 3.376 0.021 103.538 0.635 5.642 0.035
Variance in model only with covariates Var. S.E. Var. S.E. Var. S.E.
 Country level 32.441 7.970 79.997 19.598 91.415 22.433
 GP level 44.812 0.788 62.665 1.295 112.172 1.968
 Patient level 3.286 0.021 95.480 0.607 5.605 0.036
  1. aCovariates patient level: sex, age, education, household income, ethnicity, self-reported health status, main reason for visit, personal GP, chronic conditions
  2. bCovariates GP level: sex, age, urbanisation, involvement in disease management, evening open time for GP practice, urbanisation