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Table 4 Overview of the primary barriers and how they influenced various aspects of healthcare delivery/reception

From: Barriers and facilitators to cultural competence in rehabilitation services: a scoping review

Primary barriers to culturally competent care Areas of health care service delivery/reception affected
Language barriers • Practitioner-patient/caregiver communication
• Establishment of rapport
• Information provision and instruction
• Engagement in intervention/therapy
Cultural barriers • Practitioner-patient/caregiver communication
• Establishment of rapport
• Diagnosis
• Decision-making on treatment
• Engagement in intervention/therapy
Limited resources • Practitioner-patient/caregiver communication
• Establishment of rapport
• Diagnosis
• Assessments
• Engagement in intervention/therapy