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Table 3 Healthcare resource use and costs

From: Impact on healthcare resource utilization of multiple sclerosis in Spain

  EDSS 0–3.5 EDSS 4.0–9.5 Total p-value
N = 152 N = 70 N = 222  
Annual number per patient, mean (SD)
Medical visits, primary care 8.5 (5.7) 12.3 (5.7) 9.7 (6.0) <0.001
Medical visits, specialists 2.3 (1.5) 3.0 (2.0) 2.5 (1.7) 0.008
Laboratory tests 2.8 (2.6) 3.7 (2.7) 3.1 (2.7) 0.010
Radiology tests 1.9 (2.5) 3.2 (2.6) 2.3 (2.6) <0.001
Additional tests 1.6 (2.3) 3.4 (3.8) 2.2 (3.0) <0.001
Hospitalisation days 1.3 (3.8) 5.6 (6.7) 2.7 (5.3) <0.001
ER visits 1.2 (1.3) 2.0 (1.5) 1.5 (1.4) <0.001
Work productivity losses, days 160.9 (173.4) 258.1 (162.0) 191.6 (175.5) <0.001
  1. EDSS Expanded Disability Status Scale, ER emergency room, SD standard deviation