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Table 3 Variables predicting need for help for weight loss among women – results of backwards selection procedure

From: Predictors of need for help with weight loss among overweight and obese men and women in the Netherlands: a cross-sectional study

Need for help for weight loss among women - yes or no (n = 2002, need for help among women, n = 801)
  Multivariable   
  Model 1 1 Model 2 2 Effect size 3
Variables4 OR 95% CI OR 95% CI  
Predisposing characteristics
 Age 19–34 years 2.11 *** 1.56–2.86 2.07 *** 1.58–2.71 Medium
 Age 35–49 years 1.36 ** 1.09–1.71 1.35 ** 1.09–1.66 Minimal
 Ethnicity (western) 1.03 0.74–1.43    
 Ethnicity (non-western) 1.24 0.84–1.83    
 Marital status (unmarried) 1.12 0.81–1.55    
 Marital status (divorced) 1.06 0.75–1.50    
 Marital status (widowed) 1.15 0.66–1.98    
 Educational level (low) 0.77 0.47–1.26    
 Educational level (medium) 0.89 0.71–1.11    
Health- and weight-related factors
 Perceived health (poor) 1.94 *** 1.51–2.49 1.94 *** 1.55–2.43 Small
 Weight status (obese) 2.28 *** 1.85–2.82 2.20 *** 1.79–2.70 Medium
 Comorbidities (≥1 weight-related chronic condition) 1.16 0.93–1.45    
 Physical activity (non-active) 0.70 0.43–1.13    
 Physical activity (semi-active) 1.09 0.88–1.35    
Enabling resource
 Income (low) 0.83 0.62–1.11    
 Income (middle) 0.95 0.76–1.19    
  1. * p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001
  2. 1 Multivariable model
  3. 2 Final model including only the strongest predictors using a backwards selection procedure
  4. 3 Effect size was classified as minimal (OR <1.5), small (1.5 ≤ OR < 2), medium (2 ≤ OR < 3) or large (OR ≥ 3
  5. 4 Reference group: age = 50–64 years; ethnicity = Native Dutch; marital status = married/cohabiting; education = high; perceived health = good; weight status = overweight; comorbidities = no comorbidities; physical activity = norm-active; income = high