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Table 1 Demographic, clinical, and service utilisation characteristics of the home care cohort and community support cohort

From: Derivation and validation of the Personal Support Algorithm: an evidence-based framework to inform allocation of personal support services in home and community care

% (n) Home care cohort (n = 128,169) Community support cohort (n = 25,800) p-value, home care vs community support Home care patients receiving any personal support services (n = 107,407)
Age
 65 or older 83.8 (107,359) 84.2 (21,714) 0.11 86.8 (93,204)
 85 or older 36.8 (47,157) 33.5 (8653) <0.001 39.9 (42,874)
Female 64.9 (83,211) 66.0 (17,035) <0.001 67.2 (72,216)
Married 38.0 (48,662) 28.2 (7284) <0.001 36.4 (39,098)
Living alone 33.1 (42,453) 56.0 (14,454) <0.001 33.5 (35,947)
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Difficulty Scale Minimal difficulty 0–1 5.2 (6607) 26.7 (6893) <0.001 2.9 (3090)
Moderate difficulty 2–4 30.1 (38,603) 30.0 (7747) 28.0 (30,054)
Great difficulty 5–6 64.7 (82,959) 43.3 (11,160) 69.1 (74,263)
Activities of Daily Living Hierarchy Independent 0 49.3 (63,240) 44.3 (11,418) <0.001 44.7 (47,977)
Mostly independent 1–2 32.3 (41,431) 16.4 (4219) 35.4 (38,058)
Extensive assistance 3–4 13.8 (17,700) 10.4 (2685) 15.1 (16,178)
Mostly dependent 5–6 4.5 (5798) 3.7 (945) 4.8 (5194)
Missing 25.3 (6533)
Cognitive Performance Scale No impairment 0 30.4 (38,969) 45.7 (11,801) <0.001 26.4 (28,403)
Mild impairment 1–2 55.3 (70,909) 43.8 (11,297) 57.6 (61,835)
Moderate impairment 3–4 9.3 (11,912) 7.4 (1908) 10.4 (11,213)
Severe impairment 5–6 5.0 (6379) 3.1 (794) 5.6 (5956)
Functional decline in last 90 days 51.2 (65,576) 21.8 (5622) <0.001 52.6 (56,497)
Cognitive decline in last 90 days 18.5 (23,665) 15.8 (4073) <0.001 19.9 (21,417)
Bladder incontinence, at least weekly episode 53.5 (68,582) 33.2 (8567) <0.001 58.6 (62,942)
Fall in last 90 days 37.5 (48,119) 24.9 (6426) <0.001 38.3 (41,103)
Unsteady gait 74.9 (95,936) 52.6 (13,580) <0.001 78.1 (83,904)
Shortness of breath 31.3 (40,062) 32.1 (8290) 0.006 31.6 (33,988)
Conditions or diseases that make cognition, ADL, mood, or behaviour patterns unstable 49.3 (63,197) 31.3 (8062) <0.0001 50.8 (54,515)
Poor self-reported health 23.6 (30,235) 13.4 (3447) <0.0001 23.8 (25,505)
Diagnosed conditions Cardiovascular conditions 42.7 (54,720) 33.9 (8741) <0.0001 44.6 (47,940)
Dementia 20.4 (26,081) 20.2 (5223) 0.70 22.3 (23,929)
Psychiatric or mood conditions 18.5 (23,743) 28.0 (7216) <0.0001 18.7 (20,072)
Received any personal support services 83.8 (107,407) 22.3 (5758) <0.0001 100.0 (107,407)