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Table 4 Data collection strategy by PHIT Partnership country: Frequency and Sampling

From: Measuring health systems strength and its impact: experiences from the African Health Initiative

   Ghana Mozambique Rwanda Tanzania Zambia
Facility-based data collection Frequency • CHW time-motion survey: Baseline
• Health facility survey: Baseline and midline
• Patient exit and time-motion survey: Baseline and endline
• Health facility survey: Annual service provision assessment and data quality audit
• Health facility survey: Quarterly • CHW time-motion survey: Baseline
• Health facility survey: Baseline and midline
• Health facility survey: Baseline, midline, and endline
  Sampling Time-motion survey: Intervention areas
Facility survey: Intervention and comparison areas
Patient exit & time-motion survey: Intervention and comparison areas
Facility survey: 27 purposively selected facilities, intervention area
All 22 facilities in intervention area Time-motion survey: Intervention areas
Facility survey: Sample of 107 (baseline) and 141 (midline) facilities in intervention & comparison areas
All intervention and comparison areasa
Special studies Frequency Qualitative process evaluation Qualitative process evaluation: endline Qualitative process evaluation Policy analysis Qualitative process evaluation Qualitative process evaluation
  Sampling Key informant interviews & focus group discussions with district and national health leaders Key informant interviews with purposively selected stakeholders in intervention area Key informant interviews with purposively selected local and national health leaders Key informant interviews & focus group discussions with community, facility and district health leaders Key informant interviews with facility and district leaders
Community Surveys / Demographic Surveillance System Frequency Community survey: Baseline & endline
Demographic Surveillance system (Navrongo): Semi-annual
Community survey: Baseline, midline (2 surveys), & endline Community survey: Baseline & endline Health and Demographic Surveillance System: Semi-annual Community survey: Approximately annual
  Sampling Intervention and comparison areas Intervention and comparison areas Intervention and comparison areas Intervention and comparison areas Intervention and comparison areas
Health Management Information System Frequency Monthly facility reports Monthly facility reports Monthly facility reports Monthly CHW activity reports Monthly facility reports
  Sampling Full capture for all intervention and control facilities Full capture for all facilities in intervention area Full capture for all facilities in intervention area Full capture for all CHWs in intervention area Full capture for all facilities in intervention and comparison areas
Project Monitoring System Frequency Ongoing training, supervision, program and financial reports
Ongoing contextual data tracking
Ongoing training, supervision program and financial reports
Ongoing contextual data tracking
Ongoing training, supervision program and financial reports
Ongoing contextual data tracking
Ongoing training, supervision program and financial reports
Ongoing contextual data tracking
Ongoing training, supervision program and financial reports
Ongoing contextual data tracking
  Sampling Routine activity reports: Intervention area
Contextual data: Intervention and comparison areas
Routine activity reports: Intervention area
Contextual data: Intervention and comparison areas
Routine activity reports: Intervention area
Contextual data: Intervention and comparison areas
Routine activity reports: Intervention area
Contextual data: Intervention and comparison areas
Routine activity reports: Intervention and comparison areas
Contextual data: Intervention and comparison areas
  1. aNote: As Zambia used a stepped-wedge design, intervention and comparison facilities vary over time