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Table 1 Summary of key research capacity building activities for each PHIT country

From: Research capacity building integrated into PHIT projects: leveraging research and research funding to build national capacity

Activities Cooke’s domains impacted by this activity Countries and Institutions
Ghana Mozambique Rwanda Tanzania Zambia
Scholarships 1. Skills and confidence
3. Linkages/Partnerships
5. Continuity and sustainability
- Masters and PhD degrees at international (UoB, NYU, AUoB, OSU) and local universities (UoG). - Masters and PhD at local (UEM, UCM) and international (UW) universities - Masters and PhD degrees at a local university (UoR) - No direct scholarships but graduate research assistantship or salary support for masters and PhD degrees (CU and BU) and additional training for junior scientists at international universities (CU). - Masters and PhD degrees at local (UoZ), regional (UoC) and international universities (LSHTM)
Administrative support and infrastructure 5. Continuity and sustainability
6. Investing in infrastructure
Hiring staff
- Hired research staff (postdoctoral researcher and senior research scientists), administrative staff (accounting and clerical staff) and co-financed staff salaries
Building/renovating space
- Built office block for project staff
Procuring resources
- Purchased vehicles and motor cycles which went to DHMTs/RHMT
- Purchased portable computers and GIS equipment for research
Hiring staff
- Hired research staff (research assistants) to work side by side with the National Institute of Health and coordinate research activities; temporary data collectors and consultant to strengthen administrative structure of CIOB
Building/renovating space
- Supported partial running costs of health centers and small renovations
Procuring resources
- Bought computers for staff both program and admin.
- Covered internet costs at research center
Hiring staff
- Hired research staff (data collectors, coordinators, director of research) to provide administrative and logistic support to ongoing research projects
Building/renovating space
- Built a physical space for Research Department
Hiring staff
- Hired research staff (for full time research roles including senior demographer to support data collectors with baseline and endline study implementation
Other
- Supported partial running costs of IHI research services such as demographic surveillance and data entry
Building/renovating space
- Built rooms/ bought container spaces/ renovated rooms at >40 health facilities to create space for improved filing of medical records
Procuring resources
- Installed satellite dishes in facilities to improve internet access for data transfer
- Installed data servers and bought computers for data entry
Mentorship 1. Skills and confidence
3. Linkages / Partnerships
4. Appropriate dissemination and impact
5. Continuity and sustainability
Hiring/coordinating mentors
- Local mentors from the institution provided continuous mentorship
Coordinated mentorship activities
- Structured mentorship through several analysis and writing workshops
Hiring/coordinating mentors
- Local mentors from the CIOB provided continuous mentorship
- In-country technical advisors from HAI
- Teaching assistant based out of UW
Supporting local universities
- Teaching select courses in the Masters of Public Health at local universities (UCM and UEM)
Hiring/coordinating mentors
- Local mentors from PIH/IMB provided continuous mentorship
- In-country technical advisor from HMS
- Local mentors through UoR partnership
- Long distance mentors through HMS partnership
Coordinated mentorship activities
- Structured mentorship through several 2-day writing workshops
Supporting local universities
- Teaching select courses at UoR
Hiring/coordinating mentors
- Connect project PhD demographer resident at IHI provided continuous mentoring in quantitative research to junior scientists
- Local mentor from IHI provided continuous mentorship in qualitative research
- Long distance mentors through CU partnership
Coordinated mentorship activities
- Structured mentorship through Research Writing Workshop of several months duration
Coordinated mentorship activities
- Structured mentorship through week-long writing workshops
- Scheduled QI mentorship activities monthly at all the sites
Trainings 1. Skills and confidence
3. Linkages / Partnerships
5. Continuity and sustainability
Short trainings a
- Series of trainings to develop and implement baseline survey
- Monthly and quarterly data officers training
- Knowledge management trainings through DDCF small grants
Long trainings b
- Cross-country PHIT led trainings on multilevel modelling and economics
Short trainings
- Annual 2-week Operations Research training
Long trainings
- Annual data validation study led by junior researchers with on the job training
- Training by doing on select data analysis techniques (qualitative and quantitative), research grant application and abstract writing workshops
Short trainings
- Trainings on Complex Survey Analysis and Time Series Analysis with support to publication
- Several 2-day scientific writing workshops
Long trainings
- Some related projects sent for an 8 months Operations Research training run by PIH/IMB
Short trainings
- Weekly on the job trainings to develop and implement baseline survey
- Trainings on qualitative and quantitative data analysis
Long trainings
- Research writing workshops for several months
Short trainings
- Multi-level statistical modeling training through regional partnership by CUB
- Semi-annual three-week training on QI
- A 3-week training on leadership and management at UoA, USA
Long trainings
- Lean Six Sigma QI training and QI champions training through partnership with CGLUNC
Dissemination support 1. Skills and confidence
2. Research is close to practice
4. Appropriate dissemination and impact
Dissemination trainings
- Training on dissemination to policy makers
Conference/Workshops
- Communications workshop
Publications
- Peer reviewed journals
- Monthly publication on what works/what fails series
Dissemination trainings
- Training on presentation for national and international audiences
Conference/Workshops
- Conference scholarships
- Writing workshops for publication
Publications
- Peer reviewed journals
Conference/Workshops
- Conference scholarships
- Writing workshops for publication
Publications
- Peer reviewed journals
Conference/Workshops
- Conference scholarships
- Writing workshops for publication
Publications
- Peer reviewed journals
Conference/Workshops
- Conference scholarships
- Writing workshops for publication
- Dissemination meetings at the Ministry of Health
Publications
- Peer reviewed journals
  1. aShort trainings lasted for up to 1 month for each training sessions regardless of frequency of the training; bLong trainings lasted for more than 1 month regardless of frequency of the training; AUoB American University of Beirut, CIOB Beira Operations Research Center, BU Brown University, CGLUNC Centre for Global Learning at University of North Carolina, CU Columbia University, CUB Catholic University in Beira, UCM Catholic University of Mozambique, DDCF Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, DHMTs District Health Management Teams, UEM Eduardo Mondlane University, GIS Geographic Information System, HMS Harvard Medical School, LSHTM London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, NYU New York University, PhD Doctor of Philosophy, PHIT Population Health Implementation Training, PIH/IMB Partners In Health/Inshuti Mu Buzima, QI Quality Improvement, RHMTs Regional Health Management Teams, UoA University of Alabama, UoB University of Basel, UoC University of Capetown, UoR University of Rwanda, UW University of Washington, UoZ University of Zambia, UoG University of Ghana, OSU Ohio State University, USA United States of America