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Table 7 Multiple linear regression results of total caregiver burden (ZBI)

From: Economic cost and quality of life of family caregivers of schizophrenic patients attending psychiatric hospitals in Ghana

Covariates β 95% CI
Age in years −0.01 (−0.07, 0.05)
Sex
 Female Ref  
 Male −0.42 (−1.89, 1.05)
Marital status:
 Single Ref  
 Married −0.09 (−1.64, 1.46)
Proximity
 Close Ref  
 Far 0.90 (−0.78, 2.58)
Education
 None Ref  
 Primary/junior high school 0.10 (−2.34, 2.55)
 Secondary −4.43 (−2.92, 2.06)
 Tertiary −1.01 (−3.86, 1.84)
Employment status**
 None Ref  
 Private 3.47 (0.74, 6.19)
 Public 6.09 (3.10, 9.07)
 Self-employed 1.79 (−0.30, 3.88)
 Student/apprentice 0.17 (−4.37, 4.71)
Direct cost 0.01 (−0.001, 0.01)
Indirect cost 0.002 (−0.002, 0.01)
Duration of care given 0.002 (−0.01, 0.01)
Daily care given time in hours −0.10 (−0.32, 0.13)
Other family
 No Ref  
 Yes 0.42 (−1.03, 1.87)
Anxiety**
 Normal Ref  
 Moderate 2.82 (1.05, 4.59)
 Severe 3.80 (1.02, 6.59)
Depression***
 Normal Ref  
 Moderate 3.24 (1.54, 4.94)
 Severe 8.25 (4.71, 11.80)
Stress***
 Normal Ref  
 Moderate 5.08 (2.91, 7.24)
 Severe 7.70 (4.70, 10.70)
R 2 51.9  
  1. β is the estimated effect of covariate; R 2 is the adjusted coefficient off determination; CI is confidence interval; ref. is the reference category
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001