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Table 2 Substance use and treatment characteristics across substance use treatment admission episodes in older adults, TEDS-A 2000–2012

From: Trends in substance use admissions among older adults

Characteristic 2000 N = 60,112
n (%)
2004 N = 69,310
n (%)
2008 N = 104,431
n (%)
2012 N = 121,015
n (%)
Number of substances*
 1 46,227(76.9) 48,308(69.7) 67,689(64.82) 72,934(60.27)
 2 8843(14.71) 13,563(19.57) 24,655(23.61) 32,791(27.1)
 3 3349(5.57) 5516(7.96) 9933(9.51) 13,839(11.44)
Primary substance problem*
 Alcohol 45,527(77.05) 47,185(69.8) 67,247(64.61) 78,003(64.68)
 Heroin 6912(11.7) 9395(13.9) 15,802(15.18) 17,896(14.84)
 Cocaine/crack 2865(4.85) 5112(7.56) 9394(9.03) 9449(7.84)
 Other opiates and synthetics 799(1.35) 1696(2.51) 3580(3.44) 5470(4.54)
 Marijuana/hashish 721(1.22) 1270(1.88) 2561(2.46) 3624(3.01)
Any substance use type
 Alcohol only 39,675 (66.0) 9018 38,477 (55.51) 51,585 (49.40) 54,961 (45.42)
 Other drug only (15.0) 14,369 (20.73) 25,198 (24.13) 29,680 (24.53)
 Alcohol and other drug 9726 (16.18) 14,541 (20.98) 25,494 (24.41) 34,923 (28.86)
Service setting
 Detox 19,463(32.38) 20,048 (30.17) 27,759 (26.59) 11,096 (30.92)
 Rehab 7659(12.74) 9398 (13.57) 15,803 (15.14 18,162 (15.01)
 Ambulatory 32,981 (54.87) 39,847 (57.51) 60,849 (58.28) 65,425 (54.05)
Referral source*
 Individual (includes self-referral) 23,505(40.62) 27,433(40.73) 41,307(40.37) 51,308(43.27)
 Healthcare provider (Alcohol/drug abuse /other) 14,366 (24.83) 15,225 (22.6) 22,642 (22.13) 25,021(21.1)
 School (educational)/Employer/EAP 791(1.37) 892(1.33) 995(0.97) 848(0.71)
 Other community referral 3761(6.5) 5862(8.7) 9887(9.66) 12,823(10.81)
 Criminal justice 15,438(25.68) 17,943(25.89) 27,495(26.33) 28,584(23.62)
Number of prior episodes*a
0 20,503(42.98) 22,573(41.45) 36,092(39.85) 36,584(35.18)
≥ 1 27,198 (57.02) 31,888 (58.55) 54,489(60.15) 67,410(64.82)
Medication assisted therapy used*b Yes 4541(7.85) 5394(8.41) 9520(9.76) 10,792(9.35)
  1. *p-value <0.0001; a 17.6% missing; b 5.6% missing