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Table 3 Linear regression associations with “Effectiveness”

From: Factors associated with the effectiveness and reach of NHS stop smoking services for pregnant women in England

  N (%)/ mean   95% CI  
Variable (SD)a β Lower Upper p-value
Mean IMD score for SSSP b 23.27 [8.09] −0.09 −0.29 0.11 0.445
Did employees mandatory midwifery training include smoking cessation?
 No 48 (41.4) ref - - -
 Yes 68 (58.6) 1.25 −2.38 4.88 0.567
Did identification of smokers use both CO monitoring and the opt-out referral pathway?
 No 92 (79.3) ref - - -
 Yes 24 (20.7) −0.10 −4.34 4.14 0.969
Was the majority of one-to-one support offered by the SSSP in the clinic?
 No 57 (53.8) ref - - -
 Yes 49 (46.2) 6.62 3.12 10.12 0.002
Did the SSSP centre offer couple or family support?
 No 60 (56.1) ref - - -
 Yes 47 (43.9) −3.07 −6.65 0.50 0.157
Were financial incentives offered by the SSSP?
 No 70 (64.8) ref - - -
 Yes 38 (35.2) 0.42 −3.59 4.44 0.860
Did the SSSP centre currently have a specialist advisor?
 No 27 (22.7) ref - - -
 Yes 92 (77.3) 0.49 −3.33 4.32 0.831
Did the SSSP offer dual therapy NRT?
 No 13 (12.0) ref - - -
 Yes 95 (88.0) −1.78 −6.75 3.19 0.553
Women who did not identify as white or mixed ethnicity women in the area covered by SSSP b (%) 13.6 [14.9] 0.08 −0.03 0.19 0.227
People aged ≥ 16 years with no qualifications b (%) 22.8 [4.9] −0.51 −0.84 −0.19 0.009
People with dependent children b (%) 64.1 [1.9] 0.88 0.03 1.73 0.088
People in managerial or professional occupations b (%) 36.1 [8.4] 0.13 −0.06 0.32 0.270
People aged < 18 years b (%) 18.4 [3.1] −0.48 −1.01 0.04 0.132
  1. aCounts and means prior to multiple imputation
  2. bRegression results for mean centred variables