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Table 1 Patient characteristics in specialist diabetes clinics (SDCs) and general medical clinics (GMCs) at hospital levels

From: A combination of process of care and clinical target among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in general medical clinics and specialist diabetes clinics at hospital levels

  Overall   Regional   Provincial   Community  
    n = 3569 n = 5517 n = 16,384
  SDCs GMCs SDCs GMCs SDCs GMCs SDCs GMCs
  N = 20,185a N= 6675a N= 1678a N= 1891a N= 3518a N= 1999a N = 14,453a N=1931a
  (75%) (25%) (47.02) (52.98) (63.77) (36.23) (88.21) (11.79)
Female n (%) 14,285 (70.8) 4554 (68.3) 1118 (66.6) 1317 (69.7) 2423 (68.9) 1332 (66.7) 10,390 (71.9) 1354 (70.1)
Age [years] Mean (SD) 59.58 (10.7) 60.42 (10.9) 60.5 (10.6) 61.2 (11.1) 60.4 (10.66) 60.6 (10.95) 59.3 (10.7) 59.6 (10.3)
Duration [years] Mean(SD) 7.64 (4.6) 7.24 (4.6) 9.1 (5.8) 7.4 (4.9) 8.1 (4.62) 7.1 (4.28) 7.4 (4.5) 7.6 (4.6)
Hypertension n (%) 13,250 (65.6) 4957 (74.3) 1238 (73.8) 1522 (80.5) 2481 (70.5) 1447 (72.4) 9162 (63.4) 1321 (68.4)
Religion n (%)
 Buddhism 17,734 (96.1) 5729 (97.3) 1468 (97.4) 1539 (98.3) 2945 (95.1) 1620 (97.5) 12,927 (96.4) 1856 (99.4)
 Muslim 723 (3.9) 161 (2.7) 39 (2.6) 26 (1.7) 152 (4.9) 41 (2.5) 480 (3.6) 12 (0.6)
Scheme n (%)
 Universal coverage 11,416 (57) 3935 (59.9) 960 (58.3) 1162 (62.1) 1931 (55.3) 1072 (54.4) 8057 (56.1) 1078 (56.0)
 CSMB 3045 (15.2) 1370 (20.8) 533 (32.3) 480 (25.6) 833 (23.9) 561 (28.5) 1666 (11.6) 254 (13.2)
 Social security 522 (2.6) 383 (5.8) 62 (3.76) 126 (6.7) 143 (4.1) 108 (5.5) 273 (1.9) 41 (2.1)
 Other[out of pocket] 5046 (25.2) 887 (13.5) 93 (5.6) 104 (5.5) 585 (16.7) 228 (11.6) 4367 (30.4) 552 (28.7)
BMI (kg/m2) n (%)
  < 18.50 712 (3.7) 167 (2.9) 53 (3.5) 39 (2.8) 118 (3.5) 46 (2.6) 529 (3.8) 60 (3.3)
 18.5–22.9 5116 (26.4) 1326 (23.3) 361 (23.6) 305 (21.9) 785 (23.4) 414 (23.2) 3879 (27.7) 469 (25.9)
 23.0–24.9 3980 (20.6) 1156 (20.3) 320 (20.9) 252 (18.1) 660 (19.7) 382 (21.4) 2907 (20.8) 387 (21.3)
 25.0–29.9 7059 (36.5) 2101 (36.9) 575 (37.6) 557 (39.9) 1300 (38.7) 631 (35.4) 4992 (35.7) 645 (35.6)
> = 30.0 2488 (12.9) 938 (16.5) 221 (14.4) 242 (17.3) 494 (14.7) 309 (17.3) 1686 (12.0) 252 (13.9)
  1. Abbreviations: n number, % percentage, kg/m2 kilograms per meter squared, SD standard deviation, GMCs general medical clinics, SDCs specialist diabetes clinics, CSMB civil servant medical benefit, BMI Body Mass Index
  2. aValues used as denominator of prevalence calculations
  3. For variables where patient information is missing, the denominator is adjusted accordingly