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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies (n = 76 studies)

From: Measures of organizational characteristics associated with adoption and/or implementation of innovations: A systematic review

  n %
Study design
 Cross-sectional 66 86
 Non-randomized trial (cluster) 5 7
 Other 5 7
Study location
 United States 48 63
 Canada 7 9
 Other 21 28
Data collection method
 Mail survey 44 59
 Online/email 7 9
 Interviewer-administered survey 8 10
 Mixed methods 8 10
 Other/not specified 9 12
Study setting
 Health care 37 49
 Worksite 17 22
 School 12 16
 Community/public health/social services 10 13
Sample (respondent category)
 Employees 31 41
 Executives 13 17
 Principal/teachers 12 16
 Nurses/medical doctors/clinical staff 14 18
 Other/missing 6 8
Primary outcome
 Adoption 26 34
 Implementation 43 57
 Implementation & adoption 3 4
 Organizational readiness 4 5
Type of innovation
 Evidence-based/best practice strategies 35 46
 Administrative 13 17
 Technological 20 26
 Administrative & technological 5 7
 Combination (< 1 innovation type) 2 3
 Not specified 1 1
Theories of organizational change
 Diffusion of Innovations 26 34
 Other 8 11
 None cited 42 55