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Table 2 Multivariable analysis of factors associated with early postnatal care in East Mundri County, South Sudan

From: Early postnatal care use by postpartum mothers in Mundri East County, South Sudan

Variable Used early PNC? Univariable logistic regression analysis Multivariable logistic regression analysis for all variables with p < 0.05 at univariable logistic regression analysis
No Yes UOR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI) P-value
No. (%) No. (%)     
Health facility ownership
 Private not for profit (PNFP) 59 (76.6) 18 (23.4) 1 - 1 -
 Government 282 (23.4) 26 (8.4) 0.30 (0.16–0.59) <0.001 0.18 (0.05–0.61) 0.006
Mothers educational level
 None 179 (93.7) 12 (6.3) 1 - 1 -
 Primary 134 (86.5) 21 (13.5) 2.34 (1.11–4.92) 0.025 2.57 (0.78–8.48) 0.122
 Secondary and over 28 (71.8) 11 (28.2) 5.86 (2.36–14.56) <0.001 5.73 (1.14–28.74) 0.034
Marital status
 Single 307 (90.3) 33 (9.7) 1 - 1 -
 Married 26 (83.9) 5 (16.1) 1.79 (0.64–4.97) 0.265 0.62 (0.10–3.80) 0.609
 Separated 8 (57.1) 6 (42.9) 6.98 (2.28–21.33) 0.001 2.89 (0.52–16.20) 0.227
Attended ANC in last pregnancy
 No 145 (96.0) 6 (4.0) 1 - 1 -
 Yes 196 (83.8) 38 (16.2) 4.69 (1.93–11.38) 0.001 1 -
Had four or more ANC visits
 No 173 (85.6) 29 (14.4) 1 - 1 -
 Yes 23 (71.9) 9 (28.1) 2.33 (0.98–5.54) 0.055 1.24 (0.29–5.34) 0.770
Educated on PNC visits at ANC
 No 173 (85.6) 29 (14.4) 1 - 1 -
 Yes 23 (71.9) 9 (28.1) 2.59 (1.09–6.20) 0.033 0.69 (0.15–3.22) 0.639
Place of delivery
 Health facility 121 (78.1) 34 (21.9) 1 - 1 -
 Home 220 (95.7) 10 (4.3) 0.16 (0.08–0.34) <0.001 0.30 (0.04–2.28) 0.245
Mode of delivery
 Spontaneous vaginal 302 (90.7) 31 (9.3) 1 - 1 -
 Caesarean section 12 (54.6) 10 (45.5) 8.12 (3.24–20.31) <0.001 2.35 (0.56–9.86) 0.244
 Forceps 27 (90.0) 3 (10.0) 1.08 (0.31–3.77) 0.901 0.24 (0.03–1.76) 0.160
Skilled birth attendance
 No 236 (95.6) 11 (4.5) 1 - 1 -
 Yes 105 (76.1) 33 (23.9) 6.74 (3.28–13.85) <0.001 0.70 (0.10–4.83) 0.714
Informed of PNC visits after delivery
 No 295 (95.5) 14 (4.5) 1 - 1 -
 Yes 46 (60.5) 30 (39.5) 13.74 (6.78–27.85) <0.001 3.47 (1.06–11.33) 0.004
Knows postpartum complications
 No 198 (95.2) 10 (4.8) 1 - 1 -
 Yes 143 (80.8) 34 (19.2) 4.71 (2.25–9.84) <0.001 1.19 (0.32–4.46) 0.799
More than 1-h to reach nearest health facility
 No 86 (76.1) 27 (23.9) 1 - 1 -
 Yes 254 (93.7) 17 (6.3) 0.21 (0.11–0.41) <0.001 0.27 (0.09–0.78) 0.015
Health providers were friendly and caring
 No 187 (95.9) 8 (4.1) 1   1  
 Yes 150 (80.7) 36 (19.4) 5.61 (2.53–12.43) <0.001 3.39 (0.08–11.40) 0.050
Health providers ever present at PNC clinic
 No 251 (94.0) 16 (16.0) 1 - 1 -
 Yes 90 (76.3) 28 (23.7) 4.86 (2.51–9.40) <0.001 1.75 (0.58–5.27) 0.318
  1. Percentages were calculated as row percentages, n/N; UOR Unadjusted odds ratio, AOR Adjusted odds ratio, CI Confidence interval