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Table 5 Measures of Therapeutic Alliance

From: Characteristics of therapeutic alliance in musculoskeletal physiotherapy and occupational therapy practice: a scoping review of the literature

Articles Outcome Measure Therapeutic Alliance Themes Psychometrics
C Cm E I P Pt Co Rr
Adamson et al., 1994 (1 s) Attitude scale (19-item)     X X X X X Yesa
Stenmar and Nordholm, 1994 (101 s)
Baker et al., 2001 (4 s) Participation Method Assessment Instrument (21-item) X    X X X    Yesb
Beattie et al., 2005 (6 s) MedRisk Instrument for Measuring Patient Satisfaction with Physical Therapy Care (MR-12) (12-item)   X   X X   X   Yesa
Besley et al., 2010 (7 s) Health Alliance Questionnaire (HAQ) (19-item) X   X X X   X   Yesa
Bliss, 2010 (8 s) Working Alliance Inventory (WAI-12) (12-item) X    X X     Yesa
Besley et al., 2010 (7 s)
Burns et al., 1999 (9 s)
Morrison, 2013 (98 s)
Chan and Can, 2010 (10 s) Self-developed questionnaire (5-item)   X    X     No
Cole and McLean, 2003 (14 s) Self-developed questionnaire (10-item) X X    X   X X No
Eklund et al., 2015 (17 s) Working Relationship Questionnaire (HAqII) (19-item) X   X X X X X X Yesa
Farin et al., 2011 (57 s) KOPRA questionnaire (32-item) X X    X   X   Yesa
Ferreira et al., 2013 (18 s) Working Alliance Theory of Change Inventory (WATOCI) (16-item) X   X   X X X   Yesb
Hall et al., 2012 (23 s)
Yesa
Cheing et al., 2010 (12 s) Pain Rehabilitation Scale (PRES) (54-item) X X X X X X X X Yesa
Fuentes et al., 2014 (20 s)
Vong et al., 2011 (42 s)
Gorenberg and Taylor, 2013 (109 s) Clinical Assessment of 5 Modes Scale (23-item) X     X X X X Yesa
Taylor et al., 2011 (39 s)
Grannis et al., 1981 (22 s) Q sort questionnaire (28-item)   X   X X   X   No
Hills and Kitchen, 2007 (24 s) Physiotherapy Outpatient Satisfaction Questionnaire (38-item)   X X X    X   Yesa
Jackson et al., 2012 (25 s) Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS) (16-item) X X   X X X   X Yesa
Kersten et al., 2012 (27 s) Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) (10-item)   X    X X X   Yesa
Kerssens et al., 1999 (28 s) Self-developed questionnaire (11-item) X X      X X No
Knight et al., 2010 (29 s) Service dimension questionnaire (12-item)   X   X X   X X Yesa
Lysack et al., 2005 (31 s) Self-developed questionnaire (3-item) X     X   X X No
Medina-Mirapeix et al., 2015 (32 s) Patient Experience in Post-Acute Outpatient Physical Therapy (PEPAP-Q)   X X X X X X X Yesa
Murray et al., 2015 (33 s) Health Care Climate Questionnaire (HCCQ) (6-items)   X    X   X X Yesa
Chan et al., 2009 (10 s)
Levy et al., 2008 (30 s)
Roberts and Bucksey, 2007 (36 s) Medical Communication Behaviour System (23-item)   X   X     X Yesa
Roberts et al., 2013
Thomson et al., 1997 (40 s) Barrett-Lennard Relationship Inventory (BLRI) (64-item) X     X   X X No
Thomson et al., 1997 (40 s) Truax Accurate Empathy Scale (TAES) (8-item)        X   No
Tousignant, 2011 (41 s) Health Care Satisfaction questionnaire (26-item)     X    X   Yesa
Sluijs et al., 1991 (37 s), 1993 (38 s) Patient Education checklist (5-item)         X Yesa
Wright et al., 2013 (43 s) Medical Interview Satisfaction Scale (26-item)   X   X X   X X Yesa
  1. Key: C-Congruence, Co-connectedness, Cm-Communication, E-Expectation, I-Influencing factors, P-Partnership, Pt-Personalized Therapy, Rr-Roles and Responsibilities
  2. aPsychometric property tested in study
  3. bPsychometric property reported from another study