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Table 3 Rates of individual practices and odds ratios of univariate association with patient outcomes

From: Variation in rates of ICU readmissions and post-ICU in-hospital mortality and their association with ICU discharge practices

Individual practice rates in isolation
Practices n (%) Case-mix adjusteda readmission rate
OR (95% CI)
p-valueb Case-mix adjusteda post-ICU mortality rate
OR (95% CI)
p-valueb
Discharge criteria 53 (70.7) 0.95 (0.75–1.21) 0.6775 1.02 (0.83–1.24) 0.8541
Bed manager 71 (94.7) 1.08 (0.80–1.46) 0.6164 0.93 (0.52–1.68) 0.8128
Early discharge planning 40 (53.3) 1.04 (0.84–1.28) 0.7011 1.03 (0.89–1.20) 0.6667
Medication reconciliation 39 (52.0) 0.95 (0.78–1.17) 0.6587 1.00 (0.86–1.16) 0.9722
Communication at handover 49 (65.3) 0.90 (0.73–1.11) 0.9912 1.08 (0.92–1.28) 0.9442
Step-down facilities 21 (28.0) 1.21 (0.98–1.50) 0.0823 1.16 (1.01–1.34) 0.0423
Monitoring of post-ICU patients 49 (65.3) 1.02 (0.81–1.27) 0.8822 0.91 (0.78–1.07) 0.2654
Consulting ICU nurse 70 (93.3) 0.87 (0.64–1.19) 0.3948 0.90 (0.67–1.23) 0.5120
Combined practices score (median (IQR)) 6 (5–7) 1.00 (0.93–1.10) 0.994 1.02 (0.95–1.08) 0.59548
Number of practices incorporated
1 1 (1.3)     
2 3 (4.0)    
3 7 (9.3)    
4 10 (13.3)    
5 22 (29.3)    
6 18 (24.0)    
7 11 (14.7)    
8 3 (4.0)    
  1. aPatient-related confounding factors for which is corrected are age, admission type (medical or surgical), planned admission, mechanical ventilation in the first 24 h, logit transformed APACHE IV mortality probability
  2. bSignificant odds ratio after Bonferroni correction (p < 0.0056 (= p < 0.05/9))