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Table 1 ICU discharge practices

From: Variation in rates of ICU readmissions and post-ICU in-hospital mortality and their association with ICU discharge practices

Discharge practice Description
Discharge criteria the usage of set criteria when making the decision to discharge a patient from the ICU
Bed manager nurse or physician managing bed availability in ICU and step-down facilities
Early discharge planninga starting with planning a discharge at least 24 h before the transfer of the patient to the ward
Step-down facilities beds with less monitoring and a lower nurse-patient ratio than ICU beds, but more monitoring and a higher nurse-patient ratio then ward beds.
Medication reconciliationa creating an actual medication overview of current medications, (temporarily stopped) home medication, and information about allergies. Home medication and allergy information is checked with the patient or relatives.
Verbal and written handoverb oral and written information transfer by nurses, and oral and written information transfer by physicians
Monitoring of post-ICU patients patients discharged from the ICU are visited on the ward and evaluated by ICU personnel
Consulting ICU nurses an ICU nurse is 24/7 available for questions and assistance on the ward
  1. awe asked what percentage of patients received early discharge planning or medication reconciliation. If the median percentage or more percent of the patients received the interventions, the ICU was deemed to have implemented this practice
  2. bthe ICU was deemed to have implemented this practice if all four forms of communication at discharge were performed: oral nursing handover, written nursing handover, oral medical handover, and written medical handover