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Table 2 Use of medical services and medicines by the study population

From: Use of medical services and medicines attributable to type 2 diabetes care in Yaoundé, Cameroon: a cross-sectional study

Use of services People with T2D People without diabetes OR (95% CI)a median (95% CI) p-value
Use of outpatient services
 Estimated percentage of people with at least 1 visit to hospital, last 90 days, n (%) 485 (97) 70 (14) 267.6 (83.9–854.2) --- <0.001
 Estimated percentage of people with at least 1 outpatient visit to hospital, last 90 days, n (%) 454 (90.8) 60 (12) 129.8 (58.1–289.9) --- <0.001
 Median outpatient visits at the hospital per person, among those with at least 1 outpatient visit during the last 90 days, median (1st-3rd) 3 (2–4) 1 (1–2) --- 1.5 (0.7–2.3) <0.01
 Estimated percentage of people with at least 1 outpatient visit to any clinician, last 90 days, n (%) 460 (92) 98 (19.6) 97.1 (41.6–226.2) --- <0.001
 Median total outpatient visits to any clinician, last 90 days, median (1st-3rd) 3 (1–4) 0 (0–0) --- 2 (1.8–2.2) <0.001
Use of inpatient services
 Estimated percentage of people with at least 1 inpatient admission, last 90 days, n (%) 45 (9) 2 (0.4) 10.9 (1.5–81.6) --- <0.05
 Median length of stay, most recent hospital admission, if admitted last 90 days, median (1st-3rd) 8 (5–15) 2 (1–3) --- 9.17 (−28.2–9.9) NS
 Estimated annual percentage of people with at least 1 inpatient admission, n (%) 47 (9.4) 3 (0.6) 11.9 (1.6–87.9) --- <0.05
Use of medicines
 Estimated percentage of people with at least one medicine, n (%) 468 (93.6) 114 (22.8) 83.1 (37.1–185.8) --- <0.001
  1. aThe OR and the median regression were computed with adjustments on age, gender, education and income