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Table 2 Description of interventions of included studies, grouped according to supply-side and non-financial and financial (P = positive; MP = mixed positive; N = negative; U = unclear)

From: A systematic review of strategies to increase access to health services among children in low and middle income countries

  Non-financial Effectiveness Reference Financial Effectiveness Reference
Supply Delivery of services close to home Service level improvements
Home visits by nurse or other health worker    Pay for performance for health care workers MP  
 Home visits by nurse to provide immunisation to those who did not attend appointments P [41] Contractor delivery of primary health services (contracting-out vs contracting-in) U [52]
 Home visits by weighing agent who flagged abnormalities with GP and those in need provided with free consultations P [42]    
 Diarrhoea (ORS) P [43]    
 Malaria (IPTc) P     
  MP [32]    
Immunisation camps      
 Well publicised immunisation camps and food incentives P     
Service level improvements
Health worker training      
 Health worker training P [46]    
  MP [30]    
Scaling up of services      
 Strengthening of routine vaccination programme function N [47]    
Integration of services      
 Integration of intermittent preventive treatment for children alongside EPI vaccines P [45]    
 Integration of HIV services with immunisation/ANC P [34]    
  N [48, 50]    
Combined interventions (Primary component service level improvement)      
 Health worker training, health systems improvements, family and community activities (eg. formation of village health workers) MP [44]    
 Integration of HIV and immunisation services, operational support, training for staff, counselling of caregivers, community awareness campaigns N [91]