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Table 2 Unadjusted mean of health services for expenditures by sex among adults with diabetes

From: Sex differences in healthcare expenditures among adults with diabetes: evidence from the medical expenditure panel survey, 2002–2011

  Mean,
Men ($)
95% CI Mean, Women, ($) 95% CI P value
Out-of-pocket expenses
 Prescription 959 918–1000 1177 1117–1237 <0.001***
 Office-Based 225 200–250 244 223–265 0.263
 Inpatient 89 43–135 77 44–110 0.679
 Outpatient 42 34–50 49 41–57 0.217
 ER Visit 26 15–38 18 15–22 0.195
 Dental 182 156–207 167 141–193 0.420
 Home Healthcare 23 8–38 44 23–64 0.092
 Others 81 69–93 99 84–114 0.059
 Pooled sample 1631 1544–1717 1878 1788–1969 <0.001***
Total direct expenditures
 Prescription 3334 3208–3460 3797 3660–3934 <0.001***
 Office-Based 2340 2156–2523 2372 2246–2498 0.768
 Inpatient 3790 3402–4179 3660 3327–3993 0.611
 Outpatient 954 822–1085 963 834–1093 0.919
 ER Visit 294 262–326 295 264–326 0.967
 Dental 334 301–368 312 277–346 0.344
 Home Healthcare 397 332–462 752 646–858 <0.001***
 Others 199 178–220 206 179–233 0.662
 Pooled sample 11,646 11,080–12,212 12,361 11,839–12,882 0.055
  1. *Level of significance p < 0.05; ** level of significance p < 0.01; ***level of significance p < 0.001
  2. Abbreviations: 95% CI = 95% Confidence Interval. Reported as dollars in 2014