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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: A questionnaire measuring staff perceptions of Lean adoption in healthcare: development and psychometric testing

  Responders to LiHcQ Non-responders to LiHcQ Subsample for analysis of test-retest reliability
Total number of participants, n 386 95 43
Participants at public non-profit//private for-profit provider healthcare units, n 320//66 71//24 36//7
Women//Men, n 333//49 85//8 35//8
Age;
 Md (Q1−Q3) 51 (43–58) 55 (47–59) 53 (41–57)
 Mean (SD) 50 (10) 52 (10) 48 (11)
Profession, n
 - Nurses 150 31 20
 - Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) 25 18 2
 - Manager 24 1 1
 - Physiotherapist 41 3 8
 - Occupational therapist 12 6 1
 - Physician 66 4 5
 - Administrator/secretary 39 24 1
 - Dietician 2 1 2
 - Social welfare officer/psychologist 35 6 2
Years worked at the present unit;
 Md (Q1−Q3) 5 (2–13) 7 (2–20) 5 (2–12)
 Mean (SD) 9 (9) 12 (11) 7 (7)
Years worked in the profession;
 Md (Q1−Q3) 20 (10–30) 26 (15–35) 20 (11–28)
 Mean (SD) 21 (12) 25 (12) 18 (11)
  1. Participants in the validity and reliability analysis of the Lean in Healthcare Questionnaire (LiHcQ), as well as for non-responders, i.e. responders with missing answers to more than 50% of the LiHcQ items. Md Median, Q quartiles, SD standard deviation. When numbers do not add up to 386, 95 and 43, respectively, concerning professions this is because some participants have multiple functions