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Table 3 Characteristics of participants in each group

From: Service use of older people who participate in primary care health promotion: a latent class analysis

Variable Group A (n = 154) “active well” Group B (n = 121) “high NHS users” Group C (n = 172) “community service users” P value
Group A vs B Group A vs C Group B vs C
65–74, % (n) 70.1 (108) 56.2 (68) 54.7 (94) 0.004 0.019 0.078
75–84, % (n) 26.0 (40) 39.7 (48) 33.7 (58)
85+, % (n) 3.9 (6) 4.1 (5) 11.6 (20)
Female, % (n) 48.1 (74) 52.1 (63) 57.6 (99) 0.826 0.073 0.696
BMI (mean, SD) 26.6 (5.1) 26.8 (4.0) 27.2 (5.4) 0.333 0.415 0.261
White, % (n) 87.0 (134) 86.8 (105) 81.4 (140) 0.881 0.151 0.803
Education >17 yrs, % (n) 28.6 (44) 33.1 (40) 51.7 (89) 0.128 <0.001 0.007
AUDIT C score (mean, SD) 4.1 (2.8) 4.0 (2.9) 3.4 (2.8) 0.330 0.041 0.007
Never smoked, % (n) 56.5 (87) 55.4 (67) 57.6 (99) 0.148 0.934 0.203
Ex-smoker, % (n) 39.0 (60) 35.5 (43) 36.6 (63)
Current smoker, % (n) 3.9 (6) 6.6 (8) 4.1 (7)
State pension only, % (n) 27.9 (43) 27.3 (33) 23.3 (40) 0.380 0.124 0.793
Feeling lonely or de Jong score =/>2, % (n) 34.4 (53) 43.8 (53) 47.7 (82) 0.428 0.029 0.127
Carer, % (n) 18.2 (28) 13.2 (16) 16.3 (28) 0.138 0.576 0.902
Employment, % (n) 13.6 (21) 9.9 (12) 9.3 (16) 0.381 0.132 0.385
SF12 mental (mean, SD) 55.3 (6.5) 52.1 (8.1) 52.2 (10.2) 0.008 0.008 0.852
SF12 physical (mean, SD) 48.8 (9.1) 40.2 (12.2) 42.1 (13.9) 0.028 <0.001 0.917
No of conditions (mean, SD) 0.9 (1.0) 1.5 (1.2) 1.4 (1.1) 0.006 <0.001 0.497
Disability (BADL), % (n) 1.3 (2) 8.3 (10) 11.0 (19) 0.123 0.002 0.113
Low physical exercise, % (n) 24.7 (38) 45.5 (55) 44.8 (77) 0.015 <0.001 0.718
Mod physical exercise, % (n) 39.0 (60) 24.8 (30) 27.3 (47)
High physical exercise, % (n) 35.7 (55) 29.8 (36) 27.9 (48)
Lubben social network (mean, SD) 19.7 (5.2) 19.1 (5.2) 18.3 (5.7) 0.024 0.035 0.221
Volunteering, % (n) 22.7 (35) 21.5 (26) 27.3 (47) 0.496 0.181 0.066
Lives alone, % (n) 15.6 (24) 23.1 (28) 34.3 (59) 0.100 <0.001 0.019
Ground floor flat/ lift, % (n) 4.5 (7) 5.0 (6) 11.6 (20) 0.434 0.021 0.477
Flat other, % (n) 6.5 (10) 11.6 (14) 6.4 (11)
House, % (n) 77.9 (120) 74.4 (90) 74.4 (128)
Bungalow, % (n) 8.4 (13) 8.3 (10) 7.0 (12)
Transport difficulties, % (n) 5.2 (8) 12.4 (15) 18.6 (32) 0.358 0.001 0.006
Internet use, % (n) 61.7 (95) 57.0 (69) 69.8 (120) 0.600 0.305 0.062
  1. The figures in bold represent statistically significant results at P<0.05
  2. BMI body mass index
  3. SD standard deviation
  4. BADL basic activities of daily living