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Table 3 Associations between knowledge of at least one symptom for pneumonia and care seeking from appropriate health care providers

From: Association between caregivers’ knowledge and care seeking behaviour for children with symptoms of pneumonia in six sub-Saharan African Countries

  Children with symptoms of pneumonia, taken to an appropriate provider
  Total taken to provider and reported knowledge of pneumonia symptom N (%) Unadjusted OR + (95% CI) Adjusteda OR + (95% CI)
CAR Total 151/ 489 (30.9)   
Knowledge - No 104/ 357 (29.1) ref ref
Knowledge - Yes 47/ 132 (35.6) 1.3 (0.9-2.1) 1.4 (0.9 – 2.2)
Chad Total 254/ 928 (27.4)   
Knowledge - No 166/ 630 (26.3) ref ref
Knowledge - Yes 88/ 298 (29.5) 1.2 (0.9 – 1.6) 1.1 (0.8 – 1.6)
DRC Total 209/ 473 (44.2)   
Knowledge - No 120/ 309 (38.8) ref ref
Knowledge – Yes 89/ 164 (54.3) 1.9 (1.3 – 2.7)** 2.0 (1.3 – 3.0)**
Malawi Total 740/ 1076 (68.8)   
Knowledge - No 519/ 743 (69.9) ref ref
Knowledge - Yes 221/ 333 (66.4) 0.9 (0.6 – 1.1) 0.8 (0.6 – 1.1)
Nigeria Total 253/ 604 (41.9)   
Knowledge - No 155/ 405 (38.3) ref ref
Knowledge - Yes 98/ 199 (49.2) 1.6 (1.1-2.2)** 1.9 (1.3 – 2.9)**
Sierra Leone Total 402/ 549 (73.2)   
Knowledge - No 267/ 369 (72.4) ref ref
Knowledge - Yes 135/ 180 (75.0) 1.1 (0.8 – 1.7) 1.2 (0.8 – 1.9)
  1. Note: Knowledge is defined as those caregivers aware of at least one pneumonia symptom (i.e., fast or difficulty breathing). All calculations: numbers (n), percentages (%), odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) are based on weighted averages, adjusted for missing data. Numbers presented in this table are rounded. Manual re-calculation might therefore show slight differences
  2. aAdjusted for pre-defined variables, namely; wealth, residence, maternal education, maternal age, child’s age, child’s sex, and total number of children ever born. Based on the pre-defined criteria geographical location (defined as regions) were included in Malawi, Nigeria and Sierra Leone and religion in Chad, Malawi, and Nigeria
  3. Statistical significance: *p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01