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Table 1 Core drug use indicators and their optimal values

From: Assessment of core drug use indicators using WHO/INRUD methodology at primary healthcare centers in Bahawalpur, Pakistan

Core drug use indicators Optimal values
 Prescribing indicators
  Average number of medicines prescribed per patient encounter 1.6–1.8
  Percent medicines prescribed by generic name 100
  Percent encounters with an antibiotic prescribed 20.0–26.8
  Percent encounters with an injection prescribed 13.4–24.1
  Percent medicines prescribed from essential medicines list or formulary 100
 Patient-care indicators
  Average consultation time (minutes) ≥10
  Average dispensing time (seconds) ≥90
  Percent medicines actually dispensed 100
  Percent medicines adequately labeled 100
  Percent patients with knowledge of correct doses 100
 Facility-specific indicators
  Availability of essential medicines list or formulary to practitioners 100
  Percent key medicines available 100