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Table 1 Physician Characteristics and Work Hours Distribution

From: Work hours and turnover intention among hospital physicians in Taiwan: does income matter?

  All doctors (N = 2423) Work hours (N = 2423)
  N % Mean SD P value
Dependent Variables      
Leave hospital      P < 0.001
 mild 1328 54.8 58.3 19.3  
 moderate 744 30.7 60.1 19.3  
 strong 351 14.5 64.9 22.3  
Independent Variables      
Work hours    59.8 19.9  
  < =48 718 29.6    
 49–59 603 24.9    
 60–88 895 36.9    
  > =89 207 8.5    
Age      P < 0.001
 35–49 1702 70.2 60.9 20.3  
  > =50 721 29.8 57.2 18.5  
Gender      P < 0.001
 male 2026 83.6 60.8 19.8  
 female 397 16.4 54.7 19.4  
Marital status      P = 0.058
 unmarried 213 8.8 58.9 19.8  
 married 2136 88.2 59.7 19.5  
 Others 74 3.1 65.1 28.3  
Seniority at current hospital      P = 0.247
  < =1 year 210 8.7 59.4 22.0  
 2–5 years 533 22.0 61.1 20.4  
  > 5 years 1680 69.3 59.5 19.4  
Clinical setting (1)      P < 0.001
 others 1624 67.0 56.8 17.8  
 surgery or delivery room 799 33.0 66.0 22.3  
Clinical setting (2)      P < 0.001
 others 1652 68.2 57.4 18.6  
 emergency or ICU 771 31.8 65.0 21.5  
Supervisor      P = 0.231
 supervisor 879 36.3 60.5 19.1  
 on-Supervisor 1544 63.7 59.5 20.3  
Accredited hospital level      P < 0.001
 district hospital 159 6.6 54.4 16.3  
 regional hospital 1711 70.6 58.8 19.5  
 medical center 553 22.8 64.4 21.2  
Hospital ownership      P = 0.008
 public hospital 901 37.2 58.4 18.7  
 private hospital 1522 62.8 60.6 20.5  
Health Promoting Hospital (HPH) status      P = 0.396
 Non-HPH 1057 43.6 60.4 20.0  
 HPH 805 33.2 59.4 19.6  
 Exemplary HPH 561 23.2 59.2 20.0  
Health status      P < 0.001
 good 510 21.1 57.6 19.0  
 moderate 1471 60.7 59.8 19.7  
 bad 442 18.2 62.6 21.0  
Pay satisfaction      P < 0.001
 good 452 18.7 56.1 16.8  
 moderate 1244 51.3 58.8 19.1  
 bad 727 30.0 63.8 22.2  
Job satisfaction      P < 0.001
 good 1804 74.5 58.3 18.6  
 bad 619 25.6 64.3 22.5