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Table 3 Multiple-adjusted odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals for household economic hardship vs. no-hardship

From: The household economic burden for acute coronary syndrome survivors in Australia

Hardship vs. no-hardship   Odds ratio (95 % confidence interval) P-value
Age 18–59 years vs. 80+ years 1.89 (0.77, 4.63) 0.0130
60–69 years vs. 80+ years 1.64 (0.81, 3.34)  
70–79 years vs. 80+ years 0.69 (0.38, 1.27)  
No private insurance vs. private insurance   2.04 (1.37, 3.03) 0.0005
Employment status Unemployed vs. employed 2.06 (0.97, 4.39) 0.1087
Retired vs. employed 1.01 (0.51, 1.99)  
Pensioner Concession card   1.80 (1.03, 3.18) 0.0406
IRSDa Group 1 vs. 5 1.77 (0.91, 3.45) 0.0043
Group 2 vs. 5 2.30 (1.23, 4.30)  
Group 3 vs. 5 1.31 (0.70, 2.45)  
Group 4 vs. 5 0.92 (0.48, 1.75)  
GRACE risk category Intermediate vs. low 1.24 (0.76, 2.01) 0.0940
High vs. low 0.55 (0.25, 1.24)  
Current smoker vs. ex-smoker   1.67 (0.98, 2.82) 0.0576
Hypertension vs. not   1.21 (0.83, 1.76) 0.3144
Prior CVD vs. not   1.47 (1.00, 2.14) 0.0477
Out-of-pocket expenditureb Group 2 vs. 1 1.61 (0.98, 2.64) <.0001
Group 3 vs. 1 2.68 (1.62, 4.43)  
Group 4 vs. 1 4.57 (2.71, 7.70)  
  1. IRSD index of relative socio-economic disadvantage, GRACE global registry of acute coronary events, CVD cardiovascular disease
  2. aGroup 1 is the most disadvantaged and Group 5 is the least disadvantaged
  3. bGroup 1 had lowest out-of-pocket expenditure and Group 4 had highest expenditure