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Table 4 Frequency of use of clinical approaches, clinical evaluation tools and integration strategies by HSSC-MH Primary care teams (n = 25)

From: Implementation of the Quebec mental health reform (2005–2015)

  Minimum Maximum Mean Std. deviation
Clinical approaches
 Cognitive behavioral therapy 1 5 3.32 1.14
 Motivational interviewing 1 5 3.20 0.87
 Strengths model 1 5 2.96 1.10
 Care pathway 1 5 2.92 1.19
 Recovery 1 5 2.88 1.09
 Self-management 1 4 2.56 0.96
 Stepped care 1 5 2.04 1.21
Clinical evaluation tools
 Screening tools for SUDa 2 6 3.96 1.27
 Assessment tools for SUDa 1 6 3.68 1.60
 Clinical protocols and best-practice guides 1 5 3.24 1.33
 Assessment tools for MHDb 1 6 3.12 1.54
 Screening tools for MHDb 1 6 2.84 1.62
 Assessment tools for patient satisfaction 1 6 2.32 1.18
Integration strategies
 Network resource directory 3 6 4.44 0.87
 Referral procedure within the organization 2 6 4.32 1.18
 Referral procedure between organizations 3 6 4.20 1.12
 Shared clinical records 1 6 3.88 1.76
 Service agreements 2 5 3.08 0.76
 Shared training 1 5 3.00 1.04
 Liaison officers 1 5 2.96 1.43
 SUDa specialists 1 5 2.44 1.39
 Shared Staff 1 4 2.12 1.17
  1. Mean score: minimum = 0; maximum = 5; Higher = greater use
  2. aSubstance use disorders
  3. bMental health disorders