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Table 1 Characteristics of hospital-based units (n = 18) in the Penn State Hershey Medical Center

From: Interprofessional collaborative care characteristics and the occurrence of bedside interprofessional rounds: a cross-sectional analysis

Unit Spatial Characteristics Staffing/Service Patient Characteristics Nursing Perceptions
Unit Type a No. of Beds Sq. Ft per bed Nurse-patient ratio Admitting Services per bedb Length of Stay Severity of Illnessc Collegialityd Staffingd Rounding Scripte Support Scoref
Pediatric Intensive Care 3 18 878 1:1.5 0.22 8.95 2.83 2.99 1.95 7 21
Neonatal Intensive Care 3 31 303 1:2 0.03 25.27 2.79 2.49 2.66 5 17
Surgical Intensive Care 3 30 553 1:2 0.63 7.96 2.98 2.48 2.33 7 19
Medical Intensive Care 3 16 597 1:2 0.38 8.62 3.33 2.95 2.90 4 18
Neurology 1,2,3 35 672 1:2.5 0.17 5.75 2.47 3.11 2.73 3 16
Heart and Vascular Cardiac Care 3 15 666 1:2 0.47 7.84 2.73 2.87 3.00 2 13
Cancer Institute 1,2 39 435 1:4 0.33 5.15 2.28 2.91 2.64 3 17
Heart and Vascular Progressive Care 1,2 24 398 1:3.5 0.25 5.56 2.37 2.84 3.12 5 18
Pediatric Hematology-Oncology Service 1 16 987 1:2.5 0.38 6.18 2.19 3.15 2.88 6 17
Women’s Health 1 24 203 1:4.5 0.17 6.10 1.42 3.30 2.68 6 21
Pediatric Intermediate Care 2 17 872 1:2.5 0.59 3.97 2.20 3.01 2.53 4 15
Pediatric Acute Care 1 36 411 1:3.5 0.28 3.10 1.84 2.99 2.72 5 18
Medical Intermediate Care 2 20 470 1:3 0.30 7.09 2.74 2.81 2.42 1 16
General Surgery 1 18 496 1:4.5 0.61 3.54 2.11 3.10 2.54 3 19
Internal/Family Medicine 1 44 385 1:4 0.20 4.45 2.50 3.17 2.77 2 17
General Surgery/Neurology 1 44 385 1:4.5 0.34 4.02 2.21 2.87 2.48 1 12
General Surgery 1 42 404 1:4.5 0.50 4.60 2.36 2.78 2.55 4 16
Flex/Observation 1 14 765 1:4.5 0.93 5.01 2.44 - - 3 16
  1. a Unit Type: 3 = intensive care, 2 = intermediate care, 1 = general acute
  2. b Number of different services admitting ≥5 patients to unit in one-year period/number of unit beds
  3. c Derived from billing data (APR-DRG value)
  4. d Scores obtained from Collegial Nurse-Physician Relations/Staffing/Resource Adequacy domain from Practice Environment of the Nursing Work Index; flex/observation had a “float” pool of nurses, thereby could not receive a survey; responses 4 = strongly agree, 3 = agree, 2 = disagree, 1 = strongly disagree
  5. e Reported by units’ nursing leadership on a 1-7 scale (1 = not at all, 7 = a great extent)
  6. f Summation score from 3 domains on a 1-7 scale (1 = not at all, 7 = a great extent), max score 21