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Table 1 Characteristics of persons admitted to acute carefor hip fracture and of those discharged alive by immediate discharge destination (e.g., LTC)

From: Post-acute pathways among hip fracture patients: a system-level analysis

   Acute care LTC CCC IPR Community P-value
Total N   36,029 1,943 5,492 13,994 11,920 .
Demographic Characteristics
 Mean (±SD) Age at index   82.88 ± 7.5 85.20 ± 6.99 84.40 ± 6.92 82.73 ± 7.13 81.28 ± 7.85 <.001
 81 years or older at index, n (%N)   23,294 (64.6 %) 1,475 (75.9 %) 4,003 (72.9 %) 9,049 (64.7 %) 6,642 (55.7 %) <.001
 Female sex, n (%N)   25,930 (71.9 %) 1,521 (78.3 %) 3,953 (72.0 %) 10,339 (73.9 %) 8,573 (71.9 %) <.001
 More urban than provincial average n (%N)   33,415 (92.7 %) 1,955 (97.8 %) 5,487 (96.1 %) 13,667 (97.9 %) 11,910 (85.6 %) <.001
 Income Quintile, n (%N) 1 (lowest income) 7,710 (21.4 %) 361 (18.6 %) 1,191 (21.7 %) 2,383 (17.0 %) 3,213 (27.0 %) <.001
  2 7,329 (20.3 %) 398 (20.5 %) 1,048 (19.1 %) 2,963 (21.2 %) 2,381 (20.0 %)  
  3 7,641 (21.2 %) 481 (24.8 %) 1,270 (23.1 %) 3,244 (23.2 %) 2,023 (17.0 %)  
  4 6,525 (18.1 %) 372 (19.1 %) 970 (17.7 %) 2,722 (19.5 %) 1,926 (16.2 %)  
  5 (highest income) 6,682 (18.5 %) 323 (16.6 %) 995 (18.1 %) 2,640 (18.9 %) 2,288 (19.2 %)  
Clinical characteristics prior to index        
 Previous hip fracture (1991-), n (%N)   2,405 (6.7 %) 176 (9.1 %) 354 (6.4 %) 818 (5.8 %) 837 (7.0 %) <.001
 Any fragility fracture 1 year prior, n (%N)   1,123 (3.1 %) 79 (4.1 %) 198 (3.6 %) 433 (3.1 %) 433 (3.6 %) 0.03
 Falls 1 year prior, n(%N)   15,244 (42.3 %) 886 (45.6 %) 2,607 (47.5 %) 6,137 (43.9 %) 5,614 (47.1 %) <.001
 Malignant neoplasm 1 year prior, n (%N)   1,593 (4.4 %) 61 (3.1 %) 271 (4.9 %) 493 (3.5 %) 538 (4.5 %) <.001
 Charlson score (grouped), n (%N) 0 18,078 (52.8 %) 916 (49.5 %) 2,755 (52.0 %) 7,364 (56.7 %) 5,446 (56.9 %) <.001
  1 8,285 (24.2 %) 491 (26.6 %) 1,300 (24.5 %) 3,082 (23.7 %) 2,216 (23.2 %)  
  2 4,295 (12.6 %) 253 (13.7 %) 695 (13.1 %) 1,515 (11.7 %) 1,090 (11.4 %)  
  3+ 3,554 (10.4 %) 189 (10.2 %) 552 (10.4 %) 1,038 (8.0 %) 815 (8.5 %)  
 Number of ADG Groups 1 year prior, n (%N) lower co-morbidity burden 11,615 (32.2 %) 608 (31.3 %) 1,680 (30.6 %) 4,442 (31.7 %) 4,072 (34.2 %) <.001
  median co-morbidity burden 14,326 (39.7 %) 795 (40.9 %) 2,139 (38.9 %) 5,739 (41.0 %) 4,688 (39.3 %)  
  higher co-morbidity burden 10,107 (28.0 %) 540 (27.8 %) 1,673 (30.5 %) 3,813 (27.2 %) 3,160 (26.5 %)  
 Had home care 1 year prior, n(%N)   10,434 (28.9 %) 713 (36.7 %) 1631 (29.7 %) 2,491 (17.8 %) 2,244 (18.7 %) <.001
Clinical characteristics during index        
 Diagnosis of delirium, n (%N)   1,519 (4.4 %) 114 (6.2 %) 277 (5.2 %) 462 (3.6 %) 362 (3.8 %) <.001
 Diagnosis of dementia, n (%N)   2,549 (7.5 %) 195 (10.5 %) 435 (8.2 %) 750 (5.8 %) 699 (7.3 %) <.001
 Diagnosis of pressure ulcer, n (%N)   911 (2.7 %) 74 (4.0 %) 162 (3.1 %) 263 (2.0 %) 221 (2.3 %) <.001
 Diagnosis of malignant neoplasm, n (%N)   1,426 (4.0 %) 68 (3.5 %) 247 (4.5 %) 405 (2.9 %) 463 (3.9 %) <.001
 Frailty risk factors >1, n (%N)   2,680 (7.4 %) 96 (5.2 %) 290 (5.5 %) 521 (4.0 %) 385 (4.0 %) <.001