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Table 2 Characteristics of e-health and m-health tools used in health promotion and primary prevention among older adults

From: The use of e-health and m-health tools in health promotion and primary prevention among older adults: a systematic literature review

Classification category Sub categories N (%) Reference index in Additional file 2
Type of e-health and m-health tools Apps 2 (3.6) 1, 26
Website 21 (38.2) 2, 5, 6, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 22, 25, 27, 28, 29, 35, 37, 38, 40, 43, 44
Device 15 (27.3) 3, 4, 7, 11, 12, 15, 21, 22, 24, 31, 32, 33, 36, 37, 42
Video consult (skype) 4 (7.3) 8, 39, 41, 45
Webinars 13 (23.6) 3, 8, 13, 18, 20, 21, 23, 25, 28, 29, 30, 32, 34,
Type of use of e-health and m-health tools Use without program (phone diary) 1 (2.2) 26
Use in computer tailored lifestyle program 18 (40) 2, 6, 9, 12, 14, 15, 17, 18, 22, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, 35, 37, 43, 44
Use in program providing support/feedback (Internet/face-face) 10 (22.2) 1, 3, 4, 7, 10, 11, 16, 23, 34, 36
Use in online health information 4 (8.9) 5, 19, 38, 40
Use in telehealth programs 12 (26.7) 8, 13, 20, 21, 30, 31, 32, 33, 39, 41, 42, 45
Study groupa No specific requirement 17 (37) 2, 4, 7, 9, 16, 17, 20, 21, 30, 31, 32, 33, 36, 39, 40, 41, 44
Women only 3 (6.5) 3, 10, 26
With risk/signs of specific disease 4 (8.7) 1, 19, 35, 45
Physical conditions (overweight) 14 (30.4) 6, 10, 11, 12, 13, 18, 22, 25, 27, 28, 29, 34, 37, 43
(Risk) Behaviors-lifestyle 3 (6.5) 14, 23, 24
Cultural group (migrants/Latino’s/African American) 3 (6.5) 5, 15, 42
Based on setting: in clinics/community 1 (2.2) 8
Low computer knowledge 1 (2.2) 38
Country location Europe 10 (22.2) 1, 2, 7, 14, 19, 21, 26, 27, 32, 44
United states 27 (60) 3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 20, 22, 23, 24, 25, 28, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, 35, 40, 42, 43, 45
Canada 3 (6.7) 6, 39, 41
Australia 2 (4.4) 5, 18
Asia 3 (6.7) 36, 37, 38
  1. The sum of N per category can exceed 45 as papers can be classified in multiple sub-categories
  2. aAll groups are older adults (at least 50 years old)