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Table 1 Definition of study variables

From: How efficient are referral hospitals in Uganda? A data envelopment analysis and tobit regression approach

Variables Definition Measurement Data Source
Input variables
BEDS Beds Total number of hospital beds during the financial year Annual Health Sector Performance Report 2012/2013
STAFF Medical Staff Total number of doctors, nurses, Clinical officers, Laboratory technicians and anesthetic officers. Annual Health Sector Performance Report 2012/2013
Output variables
INPATDAYS In Patient days Total number of inpatient days for the Financial year Annual Health Sector Performance Report 2012/2013
OPD Outpatient visits Total number of outpatient visits during the Financial year Annual Health Sector Performance Report 2012/2013
Explanatory variables
BOR Bed Occupancy Rate Proportion of beds which are occupied over a specified period of time Annual Health Sector performance report 2012/2013
OPDIPD Outpatient visits as a proportion of inpatient days; Total Outpatient department visits divided by the total inpatient days Annual Health Sector performance report 2012/2013 (calculated)
ALOS Average Length of Stay Average number of days that patients spend in hospital. Measured by dividing the total number of days stayed by all inpatients during a year by the number of admissions Annual Health Sector performance report 2012/2013
SIZE Hospital Size Number of beds in the hospital. 1 if >190 and 0 if <190 Annual Health Sector performance report 2012/2013
OWN Ownership Governing authority of hospital. 1 if Government/private hospital owned; 0 if NGO/PNFP Annual Health Sector performance report 2012/2013
TEACH Teaching status Whether a hospital is attached to a university or not for the purpose of training medical students (doctors & Pharmacists) Individual hospital website
DIST Distance Distance of the teaching hospital from the capital city. 1 if and 0 if Individual hospital website
POP Population size Total population of districts in the hospital’s catchment area.: 1 if and 0 if Uganda National Population and Housing Census 2014 (calculated)