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Table 1 Basic data from the SDQ by Cohen & Manor and the scores for dietary modifications

From: Analysis of resources assisting in coping with swallowing difficulties for patients with Parkinson’s disease: a cross-sectional study

  non SD (Under 11.0 points) SD (At & over 11.0 points)   Score of dietary modifications goodness of fit
Items   n % n % p value t value
Gender Male 56 32.2 26 41.3 0.218  
Female 118 67.8 37 58.3 ns
Total 174 100 63 100 237  
Age mean ± S.D. 174 70.7 ± 8.4 63 73.2 ± 7.7 0.035* 4.49 b
Duration of sickness (years) mean ± S.D. 174 7.3 ± 6.0 63 11.0 ± 7.3 0.0005* ns
Severity (H&Y scale) At & above 3 84 48.3 48 76.2 0.0001*  
Under 3 90 51.7 15 23.8 ns
Total 174 100 63 100 237  
Work status No 151 86.7 61 96.8 0.030*  
Yes 23 13.3 2 3.2 ns
Total 174 100 63 100 237  
BMI mean ± S.D. 174 22.5 ± 3.5 63 22.0 ± 3.8 0.452 −3.41 b
Outlays of        
 Eating utensils mean ± S.D. 174 0.17 ± 0.46 63 0.54 ± 1.13 0.014* ns
 Supplements mean ± S.D. 174 0.36 ± 0.92 63 0.66 ± 1.21 0.081 2.63 a
Presence of caregivers (n = 36) No 157 90.2 44 69.8 0.0003* 4.39 b
Yes 17 9.8 19 30.2
Total 174 100 63 100
  1. a: p < 0.01, b: p < 0.001. *: significant, ns: non-significant, S.D.: Standard Deviation