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Table 2 Job tasks, frequency and importance validation ratings and associated weights (n = 885)

From: Advancing a new evidence-based professional in health care: job task analysis for health and wellness coaches

Domain I: The tasks that comprise and define this Domain are concerned with the activities that take place in the initial stages of the coaching process. (Domain weight = 25.6 %) IMP FREQ Weight
T-1 Explain the coaching process. 3.32 3.48 5.04
T-2 Obtain information about why coaching is sought, desired outcomes, priorities, personal strengths and challenges. 3.50 3.58 5.44
T-3 Determine if the individual is a candidate for health and wellness coaching. 3.17 3.33 4.59
T-4 Explore motivation and assess readiness for change. 3.67 3.79 6.05
T-5 Jointly create a coaching agreement that includes roles, expectations, practice-specific processes, fees, and frequency, mode and length of sessions. 3.18 3.23 4.48
Domain II: The tasks that comprise and define this Domain are used throughout the Health and Wellness Coaching relationship and are the most central to the coaching process. (Domain weight = 40.7 %) IMP FREQ Weight
T-6 Assist the client in creating a description of their ideal vision of the future. 3.57 3.51 5.45
T-7 Establish or identify the present situation, past history, previous successes and challenges, resources, etc. associated with the client’s vision. 3.56 3.63 5.62
T-8 Explore and evaluate the client’s readiness to progress toward the vision. 3.59 3.63 5.68
T-9 Invite the client to identify and explore patterns, perspectives, and beliefs that may be limiting lasting change. 3.52 3.65 5.58
T-10 Work with the client to establish goals that will lead to the vision. 3.75 3.80 6.21
T-11 Work with the client to develop a series of steps that will lead to the achievement of client-selected goals. 3.74 3.83 6.23
T-12 Elicit the client’s commitment to and accountability for specific steps. 3.63 3.74 5.92
Domain III: The tasks and knowledge that comprise and define this Domain are concerned with the activities that address the client’s evaluation and integration of progress. (Domain weight = 30.7 %) IMP FREQ Weight
T-13 Collaborate as the client evaluates success in taking steps and achieving goals. 3.60 3.73 5.85
T-14 Work with the client to maintain progress and changes. 3.66 3.77 6.00
T-15 Collaborate as the client re-assesses goals and makes modifications based on personal decisions and progress made. 3.67 3.70 5.90
T-16 Assist the client in articulating learning and insights gained in the change process. 3.58 3.67 5.72
T-17 Work with the client to develop a post-coaching plan to sustain changes that promote health and wellness. 3.55 3.37 5.21
Domain IV: The tasks that comprise and define this Domain underlie all Health and Wellness Coaching practice and the professional behavior of coaches. (Domain weight = 5.0 %)
T-18 Health and Wellness Coaches practice in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.
T-19 Health and Wellness Coaches practice in accordance with accepted professional standards and within the limits of their scope of practice.
T-20 Health and Wellness Coaches practice in accordance with the accepted standards of professional ethics.
T-21 Health and Wellness coaches engage in a continuous process of training and education to become more proficient in their practice and to ensure that their practice-related knowledge and skills remain current.
  1. Scores based on 1–4 Likert scales. For Importance (IMP): 1 = Not Important (task is not essential); 2 = Somewhat Important (task is minimally essential); 3 = Important (task is moderately essential); 4 = Very Important (task is clearly essential for the current job). For Frequency (FREQ): 1 = Never; 2 = Infrequently (less than monthly); 3 = Occasionally (1–3 times per month); and 4 = Frequently (weekly)