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Table 2 Costs and resource use per episode of invasive pneumococcal disease and all-cause pneumonia among healthy, at risk, and high-risk persons

From: Rates and costs of invasive pneumococcal disease and pneumonia in persons with underlying medical conditions

  Invasive pneumococcal disease All-cause pneumonia
  <18 years 18–64 years ≥65 years <18 years 18–64 years ≥65 years
  INP OP Overall INP OP Overall INP OP Overall INP OP Overall INP OP Overall INP OP Overall
Risk Group                   
 Healthy                   
  Cost                   
   Mean $50,744 $448 $32,879 $51,695 $499 $43,349 $22,733 $605 $20,897 $12,130 $484 $3280 $18,224 $592 $4247 $12,587 $487 $7015
   SD $82,620 $1540 $70,509 $84,974 $1148 $80,000 $28,405 $963 $27,876 $50,885 $717 $25,431 $37,336 $1043 $18,463 $26,113 $1141 $20,127
  LOS (mean) 11.0 -- -- 12.2 -- -- 9.7 -- -- 7.6 -- -- 12.8 -- -- 11.4 -- --
  No. OP Visits (mean) -- 1.1 -- -- 1.8 -- -- 2.8 -- -- 1.2 -- -- 1.4 -- -- 1.8 --
  n 118 65 183 498 97 595 199 18 217 11,123 35,206 46,329 16,633 63,609 80,242 13,898 11,848 25,746
 At-Risk                   
  Cost                   
   Mean $101,491 $500 $47,111 $46,000 $1531 $39,377 $29,781 $412 $27,472 $19,207 $550 $7659 $21,815 $599 $8789 $13,719 $503 $8472
   SD $147,671 $927 $110,596 $64,018 $4362 $61,160 $93,161 $662 $89,765 $46,187 $792 $29,922 $46,562 $1073 $30,729 $26,672 $1461 $21,716
  LOS (mean) 17.3 -- -- 11.1 -- -- 10.7 -- -- 12.7 -- -- 17.0 -- -- 14.8 -- --
  No. OP Visits (mean) -- 1.2 -- -- 2.3 -- -- 2.3 -- -- 1.2 -- -- 1.4 -- -- 2.0 --
  n 12 14 26 360 63 423 457 39 496 4007 6508 10,515 18,583 29,554 48,137 36,714 24,178 60,892
 High-Risk                   
  Cost                   
   Mean $29,896 $128 $22,891 $45,406 $715 $42,985 $23,809 $1714 $21,674 $35,721 $612 $20,304 $31,233 $750 $16,775 $15,090 $571 $9495
   SD $23,936 $83 $24,476 $52,315 $656 $51,872 $30,280 $4196 $29,536 $101,049 $925 $77,632 $62,950 $2477 $48,142 $26,296 $1745 $21,820
  LOS (mean) 8.6 -- -- 12.5 -- -- 9.8 -- -- 18.5 -- -- 23.4 -- -- 16.7 -- --
  No. OP Visits (mean) -- 1.0 -- -- 3.0 -- -- 4.0 -- -- 1.3 -- -- 1.6 -- -- 2.3 --
  n 13 4 17 227 13 240 271 29 300 525 411 936 8480 7651 16,131 17,809 11,165 28,974
  1. INP inpatient, OP outpatient