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Table 2 Data Collection: Methods, Participants, and Tools

From: An exploration of clinical practice in sites with and without clinical nurse or midwife specialists or advanced nurse practitioners, in Ireland

Data collection method Postholding sites (n = 13) Matched sites (n = 15) Total participants
Observation of the postholder and non postholder for two 2-h sessions over 1 week, as they delivered care and interacted with service users and other staff. 23 postholders 23 healthcare professionals providing services (12 Clinical Nurse Manager Grade 2/staff-nurses, 2 midwives, 1 behaviour therapist and 8 doctors) 46
Interviews were held with nurses and doctors from six areas: midwifery (n = 4), and children’s (n = 3), general (n = 18), community (n = 4), mental health (n = 8) and intellectual disability nursing (n = 4). 21 20 41
Interviews were held with service users from five areas: midwifery (n = 6), and children’s (n = 4), general (n = 18), community (n = 4), and mental health nursing (n = 9). 20 21 41
Interviews (Director of Nursing or Midwifery) from six different areas: midwifery (n = 3), and children’s (n = 2), general (n = 7), community (n = 2), intellectual disability (n = 3) and mental health nursing (n = 6). 8 (plus 5 postholding and matched) 10 (plus 5 postholding and matched) 28