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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the respondents and association with scores on the adapted Family Interview Schedule (FIS) stigma scale

From: Stigma, explanatory models and unmet needs of caregivers of children with developmental disorders in a low-income African country: a cross-sectional facility-based survey

  Characteristic N (%) Mean FIS score Standardised B coefficient t-value p-value
Caregiver characteristics
Age (years) Mean age 36.9 years    
<25 9 (8.8) 14.9    
25-34 30 (29.4) 10.5    
35-44 41 (40.2) 12.8    
≥45 22 (21.6) 12.2    
Religion Orthodox 73 (71.6) 13.9 .21 2.23 .028
Protestant 16 (15.7) 6.6    
Muslim 13 (12.7) 9.7    
Marital status Married 70 (68.6) 11.0    
Never married 9 (8.8) 11.7    
Formerly married 12 (11.8) 18.3    
Not applicable 11 (10.8) 13.5    
Level of education No formal education 22 (21.6) 13.8    
Completed grade (1-12) 62 (60.8) 11.6    
Diploma and above 18 (17.6) 8.4    
Occupation Farmer 11 (10.8) 9.9    
Housewife 49 (48.0) 13.2    
Employed 34 (33.3) 10.7    
Unemployed 8 (7.8) 13.9    
Residence Urban 82 (80.4) 12.4    
Rural 20 (19.6) 11.6    
Child characteristics
Age of child with developmental disorder Mean age 8.2 years    
1-6 years 32 (31.4) 11.4    
7-12 years 61 (59.8) 11.8    
13-18 years 9 (8.8) 17.6    
Gender Boy 77 (75.5) 11.5    
Girl 25 (24.5) 14.4    
Siblings with developmental problems No 97 (95.1) 12.3    
Yes 5 (4.9) 10.8    
Type of developmental disorder Autism spectrum disorder 34 (33.3) 11.9    
Intellectual disability 68 (66.7) 12.3    
Caregiver explanatory models
Supernatural causal explanation No 46 (45.1) 9.2    
Yes 56 (54.9) 14.6 .22 2.40 .018
Biomedical causal explanation No 41 (40.2) 10.2    
Yes 61 (59.8) 13.6    
First looked for help Traditional institution 56 (54.9) 10.7    
Biomedical institution 46 (45.1) 14.0    
Ever sought help from traditional institution No 34 (33.3) 7.0    
Yes 68 (66.7) 14.8 .27 2.95 .004
Traditional treatment tried No 42 (41.2) 8.8    
Yes 60 (58.8) 14.6    
Biomedical treatment tried No 61 (59.8) 12.4    
Yes 41 (40.2) 11.9    
  1. Note: FIS Family Interview Schedule; the original FIS was adapted to be appropriate for caregivers of children with developmental disorders